13/04/2022 English, Legislation Monitor

Legislative Process in the Islamic Republic of Iran

The Islamic Assembly (known as Majlis) is the only institution authorized to make law, according to Article 58 of the Constitution.

Types of bills that can be introduced to legislators:

Parliamentary Bill
Governmental Bill
High Council of Provinces
Non-judicial
subjects
Judicial
subjects
Government’s
cabinet council
Judiciary
Parliament Board of Directory
Sub-commission
Main Commission
Plenary Session of Parliament
Archive
Guardian
Council
Expendiency
Council
President’s Office
for signature and notification of the law
Proposal relevant to city councils’ duties and responsibilities.
A minimum of 15 members sponsor a bill.
A proposal draft approved by the government’s cabinet council.
The role of the Guardian Council is to examine
the bill to make sure that the proposed law is
in line with Sharia law and the principles of
the Constitution.

Note: Political and religious opinion or orders
of the Supreme Leader are considered Sharia
law to clerical members of the Guardian
Council.
Modified based on Guardian Council opinion.
Insisted on Parliamentary decision.
Approved Guardian Council’s opinion.
Approved Parliament’s opinion.
FIRST ROUND OF PROCEDURE
SECOND ROUND OF PROCEDURE
in case the Guardian Council reject a bill (The procedure continues until the bill is approved by the Guardian Council)
ROAD TO BYPASS GUARDIAN COUNCIL
if Parliament insist on their decision

FIRST ROUND OF PROCEDURE

SECOND ROUND OF PROCEDURE
in case the Guardian Council reject a bill (The procedure continues until the bill is approved by the Guardian Council)

ROAD TO BYPASS GUARDIAN COUNCIL
if Parliament insist on their decision

There are two types of
pathways when
reviewing bills in Parliament:

Normal · Two Session Review Generalities are reviewed in the first session and details are discussed in the second.

Prioritized · One Session Review Both generalities and details are reviewed in a single session. Single-session bills are processed through 3 different mechanisms:

  • Level 1 · Urgent Reviewed by the relevant commission and presented to Parliament as a priority outside of the regular schedule of the commission.
  • Level 2 · Very Urgent Reviewed by Parliament within 24 hours (outside of its regular schedule).
  • Level 3 · Most Urgent The review must take place on the same day that the Parliament approves prioritization.

UPCOMING EVENTS

(all times in EST)

01 06 22
  • Global Day of Parents (A/RES/66/292)

    01 06 22

04 06 22
  • International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression (A/RES/ES-7/8)

    04 06 22

05 06 22
  • World Environment Day (A/RES/2994 (XXVII))

    05 06 22

12 06 22
  • World Day Against Child Labour

    12 06 22

13 06 22
  • Human Rights Council - Opening of 50th Session

    13 06 22

15 06 22
  • World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (A/RES/66/127)

    15 06 22

18 06 22
  • International Day for Countering Hate Speech (A/RES/75/309)

    18 06 22

19 06 22
  • International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict (A/RES/69/293)

    19 06 22

20 06 22
  • World Refugee Day (A/RES/55/76)

    20 06 22

23 06 22
  • International Widows' Day (A/RES/65/189)

    23 06 22

  • United Nations Public Service Day (A/RES/57/277)

    23 06 22