Special Procedures Communications to the Islamic Republic of Iran

050100150200250300DEVELOPMENT 1EDUCATION 2SALE OF CHILDREN 2TRUTH 3HOUSING 5ENVIRONMENT 7CULTURAL RIGHTS 16DISAPPEARANCES 32VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN 36MINORITY ISSUES 41RELIGION OR BELIEF 47FREEDOM OF PEACEFUL ASSEMBLY AND OF ASSOCIATION 60HEALTH 63HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS 72INDEPENDENCE OF JUDGES AND LAWYERS 87EXECUTIONS 121FREEDOM OF OPINION AND EXPRESSION 122ARBITRARY DETENTION 128TORTURE 135ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN 266COMMUNICATIONS BY MANDATE
020406080100120140160NONE (116)ONE (135)TWO (25)THREE (5)FOUR (1)REPLIES TO COMMUNICATIONS

(from 01/01/2012 to 11/11/2022)

DateCountryTypeRef. no.LinkSummaryMandates (1)Mandates (2)Mandates (3)Mandates (4)Mandates (5)Mandates (6)Mandates (7)Mandates (8)Mandates (9)Mandates (10)Mandates (11)Mandates (12)Mandates (13)Mandates (14)Mandates (15)Mandates (16)UN RegionOHCHR RegionNb. of alleged victimsNb. of repliesRepliesLinkReplies (Contd.)LinkReplies (Contd.)LinkRow LabelsCount of Nb. of replies
23 Sep 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 19/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27573Information received regarding the detention of four women human rights defenders, members of The Call of the Iranian Women NGO.human rights defendersfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of Iranwomen and girlsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific40
20 Sep 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 21/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27580Information received concerning the alleged denial of the enjoyment of human rights to life; liberty and security of person, including freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention; freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment; the right to a fair trial; and the right to freedom from discrimination on the basis of political or other opinion, sex, or other status, including sexual orientation and gender identity or expression.arbitrary Detentionexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of Iransexual orientation and gender identityviolence against women and girlswomen and girlsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
02 Sep 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 17/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27527Information received concerning the detention and sentencing of Messrs. Abbas Dehghan, Kasra Nouri, Mostafa Abdi, and Mohammad Sharifi Moghadam, members of the Gonabadi Dervish religious minority, following their participation in protests by Gonabadi Dervishes in February 2018, and in connection with their human rights and media work.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of Iranminority issuesreligion or beliefAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific40
31 Aug 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 16/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27526Information received concerning the fatwa issued against the author Salman Rushdie and the publishers of his book “The Satanic Verses”, calling for their killing on the basis of blasphemy.cultural rightsexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressioninternational solidarityIslamic Republic of Iranreligion or beliefAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1108 Nov 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37245
15 Aug 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 15/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27490Information received concerning allegations of systematic targeting of members of the Baha’i religious minority, including through a series of arrests of individuals, destruction of homes and confiscation of land belonging to members of the Baha’i minority in Iran. The allegations received also refer to the alleged enforced disappearance of one person, Mr. Afif Naemi.arbitrary DetentiondisappearanceshousingIslamic Republic of Iranminority issuesreligion or beliefAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific630
01 Jul 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 14/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27367Information received concerning intimidation, threats and arbitrary detention of several teachers for participating in peaceful protests, including arrest and continued detention of teachers, human rights defenders and members of the Iranian Teachers’ Trade Association in the province of Tehran; Mr. Rasoul Bodaghi, Mr. Jafar Ebrahimi, and Mr. Mohammad Habibi, as well as human rights defenders and members of Iranian Teachers’ Trade Association in the province of Kurdistan; Mr. Eskandar Lotfi, Mr. Shaban Mohammadi, and Mr. Masoud Nikkhah.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific60
13 Jun 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)UAIRN 13/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27362Information received concerning the imminent amputation of fingers of Mr. Hadi Rostami, Mr. Mehdi Sharafian, and Mr. Mehdi Shahivand, who have been allegedly coerced to confess guilt under torture and convicted without proper investigation into their allegations.Islamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific80
10 Jun 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 12/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27316Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary detention and denial of adequate health care to Ms. Soada Khadirzadeh, an individual from the Kurdish minority who is held in pretrial detention.arbitrary DetentionhealthIslamic Republic of Iranwomen and girlsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1128 Jul 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37043
08 Jun 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 11/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27304Information received concerning the excessive use of force against protesters, leading to the death of at least five protesters, as well as the arbitrary arrest of a large number of people at said protests. Further concerns are raised at the disruption of the internet, preventing access to and sharing of information on the events. In addition, concerns are raised over the wider crackdown on civil society and the largescale and arbitrary arrests of teachers, union leaders, labour rights defenders, human rights defenders, activists, artists and academics, many of whom have been accused of or charged with national security crimes.arbitrary Detentionexecutionsfoodfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific0110 Aug 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37073
26 May 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 10/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27277Information received concerning attacks, harassment, asset freezing, and serious threats made against staff members of the BBC News Persian Service and their families by authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of Iranviolence against womenAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1128 Jul 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37044
16 May 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27278Information received concerning allegations of the enforced disappearance of Mr. Ebrahim Babaei since 21 December 2021.arbitrary Detentiondisappearancesexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1110 Aug 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37063
12 May 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 9/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27283Information received concerning the imminent execution of Swedish-Iranian national, Mr. Ahmadreza Djalali as reported by Iranian judicial officials, in what appears to be a means of extortion to impact the outcome of a court case in Sweden against an Iranian official. We further bring to the attention of your Excellency’s Government information received concerning the health condition of detained human rights defender Farhad Meysami, who initiated hunger strike in protest of the imminent execution of Mr. Djalali.arbitrary DetentionexecutionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2125 Jul 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37035
05 May 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)UAIRN 7/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27268Information received concerning the reported imminent execution of child offender Mr. Hamidreza Ajdari on 8 May 2022.Islamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1126 Jul 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37041
03 May 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 6/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27257Information received concerning the Revolution Court’s sentencing of students Ali Younesi and Amir Hossein Moradi to sixteen years in prison on the basis of national security legislation and for spreading “propaganda against the system”, in violation of their rights to due process and fair trial.arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2115 Jul 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37028
13 Apr 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 5/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27206Information received concerning the scheduled execution of 52 individuals on the basis of drug-related charges in Shiraz Central Prison in March 2022.arbitrary DetentionexecutionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific52113 Jun 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36987
07 Apr 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 4/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27129Information received concerning the arrest and conviction of Mr. Hassan Sadeghi and Ms. Fatemeh Mosanna and alleged violations of their property and housing rights which appear to be justified merely for their family affiliation with a member of a dissident political-militant organization.arbitrary Detentionhousingindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2125 Jul 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37034
11 Mar 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 2/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=27091Information received concerning the lengthy prison sentences against Mr. Kamal Sharifi and Mr. Hamzeh Darwish, two Iranians from the Kurdish and Sunni minority respectively, after they were both convicted of moharebeh (taking up arms to take lives or property and to create fear in the public). There are serious concerns in both cases related to due process, adherence to fair trial guarantees, alleged use of torture to extract forced confessions, and their health condition while in detention.healthIslamic Republic of Iranminority issuesterrorismtortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2120 Jun 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36992
02 Feb 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 1/2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26956Information received concerning the arrest, detention, imprisonment as well as critical health condition while in state custody of Mr. Baktash Abtin (Mehdi Kazemi), a poet and human rights defender, following contracting COVID-19 in prison, subsequently resulting in his death in state custody.
Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentioncultural rightsexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhealthhuman rights defenderstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1120 Jun 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36991
26 Jan 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 37/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26935Information received concerning the water and environmental policies in Khuzestan province which have led to a serious water and environmental crisis impacting life, livelihood, biodiversity and the environment. Further information is received at the violent dispersal by police and security forces of peaceful protests in Khuzestan province who protested the water crisis; the use of lethal force against unarmed protesters leading to the killing of at least nine individuals, including at least one child, and the injuring of a number of others; arrest and alleged arbitrary detention of protesters some of them being or have been subjected to enforced disappearance; and disruptions to internet access and mobile data.arbitrary Detentiondisappearancesenvironmentfoodfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of Iranminority issueswater and sanitationAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10108 Mar 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36845
24 Jan 2022Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 36/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26927Information received concerning reports of acts constituting torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment resulting in deaths of individuals under custody of the State, without subsequent independent investigation into the cause of death and without accountability for perpetrators.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentiondisappearancesexecutionsindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2109 Mar 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36846
30 Dec 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 35/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26922Information received concerning the arrest ill-treatment, enforced disappearance,continued detention and sentencing of student activist Ms. Leila Hosseinzadeh and the arrest and continued detention of labor rights defender Mr. Hirad Pirbodaghi.Islamic Republic of Irandisappearancesfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2128 Jul 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37042
23 Dec 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 34/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26915Information received concerning the situation of undocumented Afghan nationals in the Islamic Republic of Iran, including the ongoing risk of refoulement and obstacles they face in exercising their right to seek asylum.migrantsIslamic Republic of IrantortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific118114 Feb 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36808
21 Dec 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 32/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26883Information received concerning the protests in the city of Esfahan and the authorities’ use of unlawful force against protesters resulting in severe injuries and arrest of individuals participating in the protests.Islamic Republic of Iranenvironmentfoodfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationtortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
20 Dec 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 33/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26897New information received regarding the re-arrest of woman human rights defender Ms. Narges Mohammadi.human rights defendersfreedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of IrantortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
22 Nov 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 31/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26790Information received concerning the arrest, detention, torture and ill-treatment, including by forced medical teatment and transfer to psychiatric hospital, of Mr. Payam Derafshan, a human rights lawyer, resulting in his critical health condition while in state custody in 2020.Islamic Republic of Iranfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1113 Jan 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36753
01 Nov 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 30/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26764Information received concerning the death sentences against Messrs. Abdolrahman Gargij, Farhad Shakeri, Hakim Azim-Gargij, Hossein Varasteh-Soleimani, Issa Eid-Mohammadi, and Taj Mohammad Khormali, on charge of baghi (armed rebellion against the state) and lengthy prison sentences against Messrs. Abdolbaset Orsan, Mohammadreza Sheikh Ahmadi, Morteza Fakouri, Habib Pirmohammadi, and Abdollah Hosseini.executionsIslamic Republic of Iranreligion or belieftortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific11107 Feb 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36801
21 Oct 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JOLIRN 29/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26736Comments on the Bill to “Protect the Rights of Users in Cyberspace and Organize Social Media” which raises serious concerns regarding the rights to freedom of expression, of peaceful assembly and of association, and we respectfully request these comments to be shared with Parliament, its sub-committee and the Guardian Council.freedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationinternational orderIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
07 Oct 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 28/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26686Information received concerning the sentencing of woman human rights defender and lawyer Ms. Farzaneh Zilabi to one year in prison and a two-year travel ban on the charge of “propaganda activities against the state.”human rights defendersfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1114 Dec 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36690
05 Oct 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 27/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26682Information received concerning the arrest of lawyers, Mr. Arash Keykhosravi and Mr. Mostafa Nili, and civil rights activist, Mr. Mehdi Mahmoudian on 14 August 2021, on the basis of national security and public order charges and their ongoing detention which appear to be directly linked to the exercise of their profession in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, and in violation of international human rights law.freedom of opinion and expressionhealthhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific30
01 Oct 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 26/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26681Information received concerning a series of legislative efforts which appear to undermine the independence of the Bar Associations in Iran.independence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
07 Sep 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 25/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26639Information received concerning the COVID-19 vaccination policy of the Iranian Government, including a ban on the importation of certain COVID-19 vaccines, a lack of transparency, and inequitable distribution and inaccessibility of vaccines, which raise serious concerns with respect to the State obligation to take every possible effort within available resources to realize the right to health, notwithstanding resource constraints.Islamic Republic of IranhealthAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
30 Aug 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 23/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26601Information received concerning the secret execution of a man who was sentenced to death for a crime he allegedly committed when he was under the age of 18.Islamic Republic of IranexecutionstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1113 Oct 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36583
27 Aug 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 24/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26625Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Heidar Ghorbani, an Iranian from the Kurdish minority.Islamic Republic of Irandisappearancesexecutionsminority issuestortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1122 Oct 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36596
17 Aug 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 22/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26588Information received concerning the sentencing of human rights defender Mr. Zia Nabavi in apparent retaliation for his defence of human rights and for exercising his right to peaceful assembly and freedom of opinion and expression.human rights defendersarbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranterrorismtortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1218 Oct 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3658905 Nov 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36628
16 Aug 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 21/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26587Information received concerning the enforced disappearances of Mr. Hamidullah Arbabi and Mr. Falah Heidari, of the Baloch and Arab minority, respectively.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary DetentiondisappearancestortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2113 Oct 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36584
21 Jul 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 20/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26560Information received concerning the reported imminent execution of child offender Mr. Hossein Shahbazi. He has reportedly been convicted and sentenced to death for murder, which he allegedly committed when aged 17 years old.Islamic Republic of IranexecutionsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1104 Aug 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36480
25 Jun 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 18/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26499Information received concerning the continued solitary confinement of Habib Afkari and Vahid Afkari in violation of international human rights law; gross due process and fair trial violations in connection with their sentencing to long prison sentences, including the use of forced confessions as evidence and lack of investigation into torture allegations.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhealthindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2107 Jul 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36418
10 Jun 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 16/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26471Information received concerning the imprisonment of Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, a lawyer and woman human rights defender, in connection with her work in defence of human rights, including on legal cases defending women and girls criminalised for protesting compulsory veiling laws, and the related harassment of her husband, Mr. Reza Khandan.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of Iranreligion or belieftortureviolence against womenwomen and girlsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2109 Aug 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36497
07 Jun 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 17/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26473Information received concerning the reported imminent execution of two child offenders, namely Mr. Ali Arjangi Fardghujeh-Biglou and Mr. Hossein Shahbazi. The two individuals were reportedly convicted and sentenced to death in separate cases for murder, which they allegedly committed when they were 17 years old. There are serious concerns that their imminent executions would be a violation of the right to life. The prohibition of the execution of child offenders is absolute under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. There are also serious concerns in these cases of the use of torture to extract forced confessions that were later relied on by the judiciary in rendering a verdict, the lack of proper consideration of evidence and defences that raise doubt as to whether the guilty verdicts are well-founded, and other reported violations of due process and fair trial guarantees.Islamic Republic of IranexecutionstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2104 Aug 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36479
31 May 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 15/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26439Information received regarding the decision of the official Organization of the Behesht Zahra to not allow members of the Baha’i faith to bury their dead in new gravesites at Golestan Javid cemetery in Tehran.Islamic Republic of Irandisappearancesexecutionsminority issuesreligion or belieftorturetruthjusticereparation and guarantees of non-recurrenceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific0123 Jul 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36458
27 May 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 14/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26438Information received concerning the transfer of several human rights defenders and political prisoners to prisons in distant locations, including Maryam Akbari Monfared, Zeinab Jalalian, Yasaman Aryani, Monireh Arabshahi, Mojgan Keshavarz, Atena Daemi, Sepideh Gholian, Golrokh Iraee, Saba Kord Afshari, Nasrin Sotoudeh as well as health condition of Raheleh Ahmadi and denial of temporary leave to Zeinab Jalalian, Maryam Akbari Monfared, and Atena Daemi, over the last 13, 12, and four years that they have remained in prison.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthhuman rights defenderstortureviolence against womenAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific11104 Aug 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36488
17 May 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 13/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26404Information received concerning the imprisonment of a man, for grounds related to lack of payment of debt, and concerning the lack of medical care and treatment for his serious health conditions, leaving him in a critical situation. Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentiondisabilityhealtholder personsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1126 Jul 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36459
06 May 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 12/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26375Information received concerning the detention of seventeen human rights defenders in the Islamic Republic of Iran for alleged crimes against the State in connection with their work in the promotion and protection of human rights. In particular, we wish to highlight those detentions, which carry penalties of ten years or more in prison, constituting a long-term detention, as well as where detainees are ill-treated or have access to medical facilities restricted. This letter is a follow up to previous communications sent on human rights defenders: Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, Mr. Esmail Abdi, Mr. Soheil Arabi, Ms. Farangis Mazloum, Ms. Atena Daemi, Ms. Saba Kord Afshari, Ms. Raheleh Ahmadi, Ms. Narges Mohammadi, Ms. Sepideh Gholian, Ms. Yasaman Aryani, Ms. Monireh Arabshahi, Mr. Farhad Meysami, Ms. Golrokh Iraee, Ms. Hoda Amid and Ms. Najmeh Vahedi. It also addresses for the first time allegations concerning human rights defenders Mr. Amirsalah Davoudi and Mohammad Najafi.human rights defendersarbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhealthindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of Iranterrorismtortureviolence against womenwomen and girlsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific180
24 Mar 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 10/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26288Information received on the detention, conviction, and health situation of Mr. Siamak Moghimi who was arrested during November 2019 protests in Islamic Republic of Iran.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary DetentiondisabilitytortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1225 May 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3629623 Jun 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36383
18 Mar 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 11/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26290New information received on the situation of Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe. While welcoming her release at the end of her sentence on 7 March 2021, we are concerned about reports she has been returned to court and faces the possibility of a new conviction and sentence in the coming days.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary DetentiontortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1131 May 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36335
17 Mar 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 9/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26212Information received concerning the killing of between 12 to 23 fuel couriers, protesters and bystanders belonging to the Baluch minority through the use of lethal and excessive force by security and law enforcement in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan, arbitrary arrest of protesters, and restrictions on freedom of expression, including internet shutdowns, and restrictions on freedom of peaceful assembly imposed during the protests in Sistan and Baluchestan.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationminority issuesAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific23110 Jan 2022https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36743
15 Mar 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 8/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26136Information received regarding the prosecution and sentencing of Iranian journalist, Mr. Mohammad Mosaed, for his journalistic activities. We further express our concern over the sentencing of Mr. Davoud Mehradjam for his affiliation with the Gonbadi Sufi religious minority and of Mr. Masoud Akhtarani his work human rights activism. freedom of opinion and expressionexecutionshuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of Iranminority issuesreligion or beliefAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3119 May 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36291
22 Feb 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26041Information received concerning the risk of imminent execution of Mr. Hossein Silawi, Mr. Ali KHasraji and Mr. Naser KHafajian, individuals of the Ahwazi Arab minority, as well as a series of executions of individuals of the Baluchi minority. We furthermore would like to bring to your Excellency’s Government’s attention information received at the risk to arbitrary deprivation life of Mr. Behnam Mahjoubi, a Gonabadi sufi religious minority, following his enter into coma while in state custody. The alleged violations form part of what appears to be an escalation of a systematic crackdown on minority groups, particularly intensified since mid-December 2020.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentiondisappearancesexecutionsminority issuestortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific4220 Apr 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3615126 Apr 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36166
19 Feb 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=26044Information received concerning the arrest of over 100 individuals from the Kurdish minority in several towns and cities of Iran.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentiondisappearancesminority issuestortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1100
12 Feb 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 4/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25995Information received concerning alleged systematic violations of property and housing rights of members of the Baha’i religious minority, through raids, confiscations, demolitions and a series of court proceedings that deem their property as “illegitimate”.Islamic Republic of Iranhousingminority issuesreligion or beliefAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific510
29 Jan 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25999Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Javid Dehghan, an Iranian man from the Baloch minority, who has reportedly been convicted of mohrabeh (taking up arms to take lives or property and to create fear in the public).Islamic Republic of Iranexecutionsminority issuestortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1117 Feb 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35974
26 Jan 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 30/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25819Information received concerning a registration and verification exercise in Al-Hol and Roj camps located in North-East Syria where your nationals, primarily women and children, are currently deprived of their liberty. In these makeshift locked camps made up of unstable tent-like structures which collapse in strong winds or flood with rain or sewage, hygiene is almost non-existent: limited drinking water is often contaminated, latrines are overflowing, mounds of garbage litter the grounds, and illnesses including viral infections are rampant. Food, water, health care and essential non-food supplies are provided by under-resourced humanitarian groups and organisations. According to the Kurdish Red Crescent, at least 517 people, 371 of them children, died in 2019, many from preventable diseases, in Al-Hol camp alone. In August 2020, eight children under the age of five died in that camp in less than a week, with four caused by malnutrition-related complications and the others were due to dehydration from diarrhoea, heart failure, internal bleeding and hypoglycaemia, according to UNICEF. Covid-19 has increased these difficulties, with a reduction in the number of workers operating in the camp. terrorismarbitrary DetentionexecutionsfoodhousingIslamic Republic of Iranmigrantsminority issuesprivacyracismsale of childrentorturetrafficking in personsviolence against womenwater and sanitationwomen and girlsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific7000
20 Jan 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 3/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25887Information received concerning the imminent executions of Mr. Hafez Abdolrahim Kouhi and Mr. Mowlavi Amanollah Balouchi, two Iranian Sunni clerics from the Balochi community, who have reportedly been convicted of baghi (armed rebellion).Islamic Republic of Iranexecutionsreligion or belieftortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
19 Jan 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 1/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25841Information received regarding the execution of child offender Mr. Mohammad Hassan Rezaiee.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionexecutionsindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1119 Mar 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36072
18 Jan 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 2/2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25846New information received on the situation of four dual nationals currently imprisoned in the Islamic Republic of Iran, namely two Austrian-Iranians, Massud Mossaheb and Kamran Ghaderi, British-Iranian Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, and British-American-Iranian Morad Tahbaz.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionenvironmenthealthindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific4317 Feb 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3597615 Mar 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3605920 Apr 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36152
12 Jan 2021Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 31/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25834Information received regarding the assassination of a man on 27 November 2020.Islamic Republic of IranexecutionsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1211 Mar 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3604028 Jun 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36401
25 Dec 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)ALIRN 28/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25795Information received concerning the shooting down on 8 January 2020, of Ukraine International Airline (UIA) Flight PS752, en route from Tehran to Kiev shortly after take-off, by the Islamic Republic of Iran. executionsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific176108 Mar 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=36033
24 Dec 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 27/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25784Information received concerning the continued detention of human rights defender Mr. Soheil Arabi and the targeting of his mother, woman human rights defender Ms. Farangis Mazloum.arbitrary Detentionhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of Iranreligion or beliefAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2109 Feb 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35960
11 Nov 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 26/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25678Information received concerning the reported persecution of members of the Christian minority in Iran, including of those who have converted from Islam, as well as the detention of dozens of them, most whom have been convicted for their right to freely observe and worship their religion.religion or beliefarbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of Iranminority issuesAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific24112 Jan 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35896
03 Nov 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 25/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25651Information received concerning the practice of honour killings in Iran which most recently led to the killing of a 14-year-old girl, by her father in Talesh county, Gilan Province, on 21 May 2020. executionsIslamic Republic of Irantortureviolence against womenwomen and girlsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
08 Oct 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 24/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25628Information received concerning the imminent risk of amputation of Mr. Hadi Rostami, Mr. Mehdi Sharfian, Mr. Mehdi Shahivand and Mr. Kasra Karami.tortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific4116 Dec 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35809
01 Oct 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 23/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25602Information received concerning the imminent executions of Mr. Heidar Ghorbani and Mr. Arsalan Khodkam, two Iranians from the Kurdish minority, after they were both sentenced to death for baghi (armed rebellion against the state) and moharebeh (taking up arms to take lives or property and to create fear in the public) respectively. There are serious concerns in both cases related to due process, adherence to fair trial guarantees, a lack of evidence and alleged use of torture to extract forced confessions.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentiondisappearancesexecutionsminority issuesAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2124 Nov 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35752
21 Sep 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 22/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25566Information received concerning the arbitrary executions of Mr. Mostafa Salehi and Mr. Navid Afkari, following their participation in protests in 2018 and on the basis of unsubstantiated charges of murder; the arrest, detention and sentencing to death of Messrs. Mehdi Salehi Ghaleh-Shahrokhi, Mohammad Bastami, Abbas Mohammadi, Majid Nazari and Hadi Kiani, on charges of moharabeh (taking up arms to take lives or property and to create fear in the public) and baghi (armed rebellion) in connection with their alleged participation in protests that took place in December 2017/January 2018 in Isfahan, Isfahan Province; and the lengthy prison sentences against Navid Afkari’s brothers Messrs. Vahid and Habib Afkari following their participation in protests. There are serious concerns related to due process, adherence to fair trial guarantees, a lack of evidence and alleged use of torture to extract forced confessions, and failure to respect the rights to freedom of opinion, expression and assembly in all of these cases. Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific9129 Oct 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35711
08 Sep 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 21/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25522Information received regarding the deteriorating circumstances of human rights defenders who remain in prison during the COVID-19 pandemic.human rights defendersarbitrary Detentionexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhealthindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IrantortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3229 Oct 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3571017 Feb 2021https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35979
03 Sep 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 20/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25503Information received concerning allegations of the continued refusal to disclose the circumstances of death and remains of thousands of political dissidents who were forcibly disappeared and then allegedly extrajudicial executed between July and early September in 1988 in 32 cities, and the authorities’ refusal to provide families with accurate and complete death certificates.disappearancesexecutionsfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of Iranterrorismtorturetruthjusticereparation and guarantees of non-recurrenceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific60
05 Aug 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 19/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25438Information received concerning the reported arbitrary arrest, detention and ill-treatment of Ali Younesi. Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1229 Oct 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3571225 Nov 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35767
04 Aug 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 18/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25395Information received concerning the assassination of an Iranian citizen in Istanbul on 14 November 2019, Turkey, allegedly on the direction and with the involvement of Iranian authorities. The information received suggests that the killing of constitutes a violation of the right to life and of the right to freedom of expression.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
22 Jun 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 14/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25353Information received regarding the heavy sentencing of woman human rights defender Saba Kord Afshari for her work promoting women’s rights in Iran.human rights defenderscultural rightsfreedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of Iranviolence against womenwomen and girlsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
22 Jun 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 15/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25360Information received concerning allegations of excessive use of force by Iranian border officials against 46 Afghan migrants, there among children, seeking to cross the border from Afghanistan into Iran, leading to the death of at least 10 individuals and 15 individuals missing.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary DetentionexecutionsmigrantstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific460
18 Jun 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 17/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25377Information received concerning the alleged imminent execution of Mr. Farhad Salehi Jabehdar, sentenced to death for lavat-e be-onf (forced male to male anal intercourse), which is a crime that does not meet the threshold for the imposition of the death penalty under international human rights law.Islamic Republic of IranexecutionsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1107 Aug 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35483
17 Jun 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 16/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25362Information received concerning the enforced disappearance and reported secret execution of Hedayat Abdollahpour, a member of the Kurdish minority.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentiondisappearancesexecutionsminority issuestortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1107 Aug 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35482
16 Jun 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 13/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25340Information received concerning the legal developments in the cases of dual nationals Ahmadreza Djalali and Massud Mossaheb.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary DetentionexecutionstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2131 Aug 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35543
02 Jun 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 10/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25265Information concerning the criteria for temporary release of prisoners due to the COVID-19 pandemic.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionexecutionshealthindependence of judges and lawyersAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific0107 Aug 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35484
15 May 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 11/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25281Information received concerning the enforced dispapearance of Hossein Silawi, Ali Khasraji, Naser Khafajian, members of the Ahwazi Arab minority, and Hedayat Abdollahpour a member of the Kurdish minority and fears that they may be at risk of torture or secret executiondisappearancesarbitrary DetentionexecutionsIslamic Republic of Iranminority issuesAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific4108 Oct 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35628
15 May 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 12/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25285Information received concerning the physical and mental integrity of Iranian prisoner Mr Hossein Sepanta..Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentiondisabilityfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhealthAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1109 Aug 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35477
12 May 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 9/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25263Information received concerning attempted suicide of Mohammad Nourizad in prison, a civil activist who has been imprisoned due to an open letter calling for the Supreme Leader’s resignation and constitutional reform in Iran.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1117 Jul 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35479
22 Apr 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25155Information received concerning the arrest, detention and sentencing to death of Messrs. Amir Hossein Moradi, Saeed Tamjidi, and Mohammad Rajabi, on charges of arson and property damage during the November 2019 protests in Tehran, and amid serious concerns related to due process, adherence to fair trial guarantees and use of torture to extract forced confessions.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentiondisappearancesexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific30
20 Apr 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25206Information received concerning the imminent execution, possibly as soon as 21 April 2020, of Mr. Shayan Saeedpour, a child offender sentenced to death for a murder he allegedly committed when he was 17 years old.Islamic Republic of IranexecutionsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1111 Aug 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35489
06 Apr 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 3/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25073Information received concerning the risk of execution, as a result of an unfair trial, of Mr. Houshmand Alipour and the unfair trial of Mr. Mohammad Ostadghader.executionsIslamic Republic of Iranreligion or belieftortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
02 Apr 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25153Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of human rights defenders and dual and foreign nationals in Iranian prisons, despite the suspected outbreak of COVID-19 in prison.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionenvironmentexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific70
25 Mar 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=37245Information received concerning the imposition of the death penalty upon seven individuals, members of the Sunni Kurdish minority in Iran, as a result of legal proceedings, which have been reportedly marked by violations of due process and of fair trial standards.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionindependence of judges and lawyersminority issuesreligion or beliefterrorismtortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific7108 Oct 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35630
05 Mar 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 4/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25089information received, concerning attacks, harassment and serious threats made over against the BBC Persian Service and the BBC World Service and its staff by the authorities of Iran (the Islamic Republic of) in conjunction with its coverage of the civil unrest and the extent of the casualties caused by a strong reaction to protests linked to an increase in fuel prices and the introduction of petrol rationing.

executionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of Iranviolence against womenAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific4010
19 Feb 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 2/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25070Information received concerning protests held in various parts of Iran since 11 January 2020 and the alleged disproportionate response by law enforcement, including excessive use of force leading to injury, arbitrary arrest and detention, enforced disappearance, and ill-treatment of protesters.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentiondisappearancesexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
17 Feb 2020Iran (Islamic Republic of)JOLIRN 1/2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25069Information received concerning discrimination on the grounds of religion in the application process for national identity cards in the Islamic Republic of Iran.Islamic Republic of Iranfreedom of opinion and expressionminority issuesreligion or beliefAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
18 Dec 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 17/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25005Information received concerning the use of force against protestors leading to the killing of at least 234 individuals, and the reported arrest of 7000 individuals. Concerns relating to conditions of detention including mistreatment of detainees, as well as restrictions on journalists covering the events.arbitrary Detentiondisappearancesexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IrantortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific7000118 Feb 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35176
20 Nov 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 16/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24966Information received concerning the use of force against protestors leading to the killing of at least 12 individuals, and the reported arrest of 1000 individuals.Islamic Republic of Iranexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific58118 Feb 2020https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35177
29 Oct 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 14/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24909Information received concerning the arrest and charges against Ms. Aras Amiri, a British Council employee detained and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in Iran.Islamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentioncultural rightsterrorismtortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1124 Dec 2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35084
21 Aug 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 11/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24786Information received concerning the arrest and charges against Mr. Mohammad Rasoulof, an award-wining Iranian filmmaker.arbitrary Detentioncultural rightsfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1114 Nov 2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35029
19 Aug 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 9/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24725Information received concerning the risk of forcible closure of an home for older persons and persons with disabilities managed by the Bahá’í community for the past 20 years. Your Excellency’s Government is allegedly involved in attempts to forcibly evict the residents in an attempt to close the nursing home in ways contrary to international human rights law.disabilityhealthIslamic Republic of Iranminority issuesolder personsreligion or beliefAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific420
08 Aug 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 12/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24798Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of the Iranian-Swedish academic Mr. Ahmadreza Djalali and serious concerns related to his treatment and the possibility of imminent execution. Mr. Djalali has been detained in Iran since April 2016. Subsequently, the Iranian courts convicted him of “enmity against God” and sentenced him to death on 21 October 2017. It is reported Mr. Djalali has been tortured during his detention and denied medical treatment for life-threatening medical conditions.arbitrary DetentiondisappearancesexecutionshealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
30 Jul 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 10/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24771Information received concerning the detention of the teacher Ms. Zara Mohammadi by the Iranian authorities.arbitrary Detentioneducationfreedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of Iranminority issuesviolence against womenwomen and girlsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
15 Jul 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24704Information received concerning the continued detention of Mr. Abbas Lisani by the Iranian authorities.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of Iranminority issuestortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1113 Sep 2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34897
28 Jun 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24684Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, Mr. Kamran Ghaderi and Mr. Ahmadreza Djalali by the Iranian authorities.arbitrary DetentionexecutionshealthIslamic Republic of Iranterrorismtorturewomen in law and in practiceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3122 Oct 2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34930
18 Jun 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24670Information received concerning the deteriorating health situation of the detained human rights defender and journalist, Ms. Narges Mohammadi, currently serving a 16-year prison sentence in Evin Prison. Ms. Narges Mohammadi suffers from several serious health conditions, including a pulmonary embolism and a neurological disorder that can result in partial paralysis.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhealthhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of Iranviolence against womenwomen in law and in practiceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
14 May 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24596Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defender Ms. Yasaman Aryani, Ms. Monireh Arabshahi and Ms. Mojgan Keshavarz by the Iranian authorities.arbitrary Detentioncultural rightsdisappearancesfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of Irantortureviolence against womenwomen in law and in practiceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3202 Jul 2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3476814 Nov 2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=35028
07 May 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 4/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24588Information received concerning the alleged flogging and execution of two boys reportedly convicted in a reported rape and robbery case despite having been both 15 years old at the time of the alleged commission of the crimes.disabilityexecutionshealthIslamic Republic of IrantortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2117 May 2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34699
01 Apr 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 3/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24514Information received concerning the alleged continued arbitrary detention of eight environmental scientists, some of whom were reportedly subjected to torture and other-ill treatment.arbitrary Detentionenvironmentindependence of judges and lawyerstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific90
08 Mar 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JOLIRN 2/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24437Concerns in relation to the ongoing work of the Working Group III on Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) Reformbusinessdevelopmentenvironmentforeign debtindigenous peoplesinternational orderwater and sanitationAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
25 Jan 2019Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 1/2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24315Information received concerning Mr. Esmail Bakhshi and Ms. Sepideh Gholian, who were reportedly arrested in Khuzestan Province on 20 January 2019. The current location of Mr. Bakhshi and Ms. Gholian is not certain.arbitrary Detentiondisappearancesexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of Irantortureviolence against womenAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2115 Apr 2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34641
20 Nov 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 14/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24204Information received concerning Mr. Mohammad Ali Taheri, who is currently serving a five-year prison sentence for the offence of “spreading corruption on earth”.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of Iranreligion or beliefAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1128 Jan 2019https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34521
19 Oct 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 13/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24156Information received concerning the Iranian human rights defender Mr. Arash Sadeghi.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1112 Dec 2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34451
03 Oct 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 12/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24120Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defender Mr. Farhad Meysami by the Iranian authorities.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
26 Sep 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 11/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=24101Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defenders Ms. Hoda Amid, Ms. Najmeh Vahedi and Ms. Rezvaneh Mohammadi, by the Iranian authorities, as well as the continued detention and aggravated charges brought against human rights defender Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, and the subsequent arrest of her husband, Mr. Reza Khandan.arbitrary Detentioncultural rightsfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of Irantortureviolence against womenwomen in law and in practiceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific50
06 Jul 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 10/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23929Information received concerning the arrest and charges against Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh.freedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerswomen in law and in practicefreedom of opinion and expressionAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
16 May 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 9/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23839Information received concerning the continuous judicial harassment of Ms. Raheleh Rahemipor, in reprisal to her legitimate exercise of the right to freedom of expression, freedom of peaceful assembly, and against her efforts to seeking the truth about the fate and whereabouts of her brother and his infant daughter.disappearancesfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhuman rights defendersAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1104 Sep 2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34541
30 Apr 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23792Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Saleh Shariati who was 16 years old at the time of the alleged commission of the crime for which he was convicted and sentenced to death.executionstortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1123 Aug 2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34542
27 Apr 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23787Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Mohammad Kalhori who was 15 years old at the time of the alleged commission of the crime for which he was convicted and sentenced to death.executionsindependence of judges and lawyersAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
21 Feb 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23671Information received concerning the arbitrary arrest and detention of seven environmental human rights defenders, as well as the suspicious death of Mr. Kavous Seyed Emami while in detention in Evin prison, in relation to their environmental work.arbitrary Detentionenvironmentfreedom of opinion and expressiontoxics and human rightshuman rights defendersAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
20 Feb 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23648Information received concerning the conviction and sentencing to death of Ramin Hossein Panahi amidst serious concerns related to due process and adherence to fair trial guarantees, and the sentencing to imprisonment of his family members Afshin Hossein Panahi, Ahmad Hossein Panahi, and Zobeyr Hossein Panahi.executionshealthtortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific4115 Mar 2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34017
02 Feb 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 4/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23627Information received concerning the sentencing of Pastor Victor Bet Tamraz, Amin Afshar Naderi and Hadi Asgari (three Iranian Christian men) whose final court hearing will take place on Sunday 4 February 2018 at the Revolutionary Court in Tehran.healthminority issuesreligion or beliefIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific30
31 Jan 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 3/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23611Information received concerning the treatment of Ms. Golrokh Ebrahimi Iraee and Ms. Fatemeh (Atena) Daemi by the Iranian authorities.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defenderstortureviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
16 Jan 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 2/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23582Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Abolfazl Chezani Sharahi, who was 15 years old at the time of the alleged commission of the crime for which he was convicted and sentenced to death.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
04 Jan 2018Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 1/2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23564Information received concerning the use of force against protestors leading to the killing of at least 21 individuals, and the interruption of internet in Iran.executionsfreedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1021115 Jan 2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33865
16 Nov 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)OLIRN 31/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23473Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under Shari'a law (as applied in Iran) and the Islamic Penal Code of Iran which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.women in law and in practiceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
13 Nov 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 30/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23431Information received regarding the imposition of death penalty upon a dual national residing in Iran amidst serious due process and fair trial concerns.arbitrary DetentionexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
24 Oct 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 29/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23414Information concerning the targeting of 152 BBC Persian staff, former staff and contributors, through harassment and ban from registered transactions to buy or sell movable and immovable assets and property in Iran, and harassment and intimidation against their family members.freedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1520
17 Oct 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 28/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23393Information received concerning the risk of imminent exececution of a minor.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
18 Sep 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 27/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23336Information received concerning the alleged arrest of Ms. Raheleh Rahemipor, the sister of Mr. Hossein Rahemipor, whose case is under review by the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances.disappearancesfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1127 Oct 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33755
29 Aug 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 25/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23313Information received concerning Seyed Hossein Kazemeini Boroujerdi, an Iranian cleric, who has been placed under house arrest without a judicial order since he was released from prison on temporary medical leave on 4 January, and who is reportedly facing continued intimidation and death threats by Iranian authorities.arbitrary Detentionhealthreligion or belieftortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
18 Aug 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 24/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23300Information received about the transfer of 53 political prisoners from hall 12 to hall 10 of ward 4 of the prison, after which they went on a joint hunger strike and up to 14 prisoners were transferred to solitary confinement.arbitrary Detentionhealthreligion or belieftortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
14 Aug 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 23/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23292Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Mehdi Bahlouli, who was sentenced to death in 2001 when he was 17 years old for allegedly fatally stabbing a man during a fight.tortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1306 Sep 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3368616 Oct 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3374610 Jan 2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33855
09 Aug 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 22/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23281Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Alireza Tajiki, who was sentenced to death in 2013 on murder charges and on charges of “lavat-e be onf” (forced male to male anal intercourse) while he was 15 years old.arbitrary DetentionexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1110 Oct 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33739
14 Jun 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 21/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23162Information received regarding the threats of additional prison terms and relocation to remote detention of Ms. Maryam Akbari Monfared, imprisoned since December 2009, allegedly to keep her from writing open letters about the fate and whereabouts of several thousand political prisoners extrajudicially executed in the summer of 1988. In addition, information has been received about the desecration of mass grave sites in Ahvaz and Mashhad that contains the remains of at least 184 people and 170 people, respectively, who were extra-judicially executed during the summer of 1988.executionstruthjusticereparation and guarantees of non-recurrenceIslamic Republic of Irandisappearancesfreedom of opinion and expressionAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1211 Aug 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3364811 Sep 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33696
31 May 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 20/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23148Information received regarding the denied heart surgery to Mr. Sabri Hassanpour a 60 years old Dutch-Iranian national, who is in detention and in urgent need of specialized medical care.arbitrary DetentionhealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1124 Aug 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33671
29 May 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 18/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23137Information received concerning the arrest,detention and conviction of members of the Bahá’í community in Iran as well as attacks on their property, sealing of their shops, exclusion from universities and threats.arbitrary Detentioneducationfreedom of opinion and expressionreligion or beliefIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific41321 Aug 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3366012 Oct 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3374706 Dec 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33818
19 May 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 19/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23139Information received concerning alleged violations of the right to freedom of expression, including the imprisonment of journalists, ahead of the upcoming presidential elections.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2226 Jul 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3360914 Dec 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33829
09 May 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 17/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23112Information received concerning the alleged continuous arbitrary detention of human rights defender Ms. Fatemeh (Atena) Daemi, as well as the recent sentencing of her two sisters, Ms. Hanieh Daemi and Ms. Ensieh Daemi.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3110 Oct 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33740
24 Apr 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)UAIRN 14/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23088Information received concerning the serious health status of Mr. Baquer Namazi and his son Mr. Siamak Namazi.Islamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
19 Apr 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 15/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23091Information received concerning the imminent risk of amputation of Mr.Ali Rahzani and Mr. Hushang Kavusi.arbitrary DetentiontortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2104 Aug 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33621
18 Apr 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 16/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23096Information received concerning the execution of Mr. Mehdi Bahlouli and Mr. Peyman Barandah, scheduled for 19 April and 10 May 2017 respectively. Both men were below 18 years of age at the time of the alleged offences for which they were sentenced to death. arbitrary DetentionexecutionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
13 Apr 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 13/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23082Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Mr. Karan Vafadari and his wife Ms. Afarin Nayssari, Iranian-American Zoroastrians, art gallery owners in Tehran and prominent figures of the Iranian artistic and cultural community.cultural rightsfreedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2110 Jul 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33569
11 Apr 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 12/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23062Information received concerning the sentencing to death and imminent execution of Mr. Reza Karimi, in two separate cases, after judicial proceedings that reportedly violated fair trial and due process guarantees, and in one of the cases on charges that do not meet the threshold of most serious crime under international law.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1131 Jul 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33605
05 Apr 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 10/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23052Information received concerning the arrest of Mr. Ehsan Mazandarani, a journalist, Ms. Hengameh Shahidi, a senior member of the Etemad Melli (National Trust) political party, Ms. Tahereh Riahi, the social affairs editor of the State-funded Borna News Agency, Ms. Zeinab Karimian, a producer for the state-run “Salam Khorshid” (Hello Sun) television show and former reporter for the official Islamic Republic News Agency, Ms. Mehrnaz Haghighi, medical doctor and social activist, Mr. XX, a seventeen-year-old ethnic Arab environmentalist, Mr. Morad Saghafi, director of Goftego magazine and researcher, and Saleh Deldam, a film director and producer.arbitrary Detentioncultural rightsdisappearancesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20226 Jul 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3360829 Aug 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33677
04 Apr 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 11/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23055Information received concerning the death sentence issued by Tehran Revolutionary Court against Ms. Marjan Davari, a researcher and translator.arbitrary Detentionexecutionsfreedom of opinion and expressionreligion or beliefIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1208 Aug 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3362515 Mar 2018https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=34018
23 Mar 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 9/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23034New information received concerning Mr. Arash Sadeghi, Iranian human rights defender and his wife Ms. Golrokh Ebrahimi Iraee.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2110 Jul 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33570
17 Mar 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=23028Information received concerning Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe.arbitrary DetentionIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
10 Feb 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22984Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Dr. Ahmadreza Djalali, a 45 year old Iranian national and resident of Sweden, medical doctor, lecturer and researcher in disaster medicine. arbitrary DetentiontortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1124 Aug 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33672
02 Feb 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22973Information received concerning the serious health status of Mr. Keywan Karimi, a prominent Kurdish filmmaker.arbitrary Detentioncultural rightsfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
31 Jan 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22970Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Hamid Ahmadi, who was sentenced to death on murder charges while he was under the age of 18 years. arbitrary DetentionexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1107 Mar 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33407
27 Jan 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 4/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22965Information received concerning Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe.arbitrary DetentionIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
26 Jan 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 3/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22957Information received concerning the prosecution of Ms. Raheleh Rahemipor, the sister of Mr. Hossein Rahemipor, whose case is under review by the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances. Ms. Rahemipor was the subject of previous communications by Special Procedures mandate holders on 5 August 2016 (UA IRN 23/2016) and on 22 November 2016 (UA IRN 29/2016).disappearancesfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
16 Jan 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 2/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22940Information received concerning the risk of imminent execution of Mr. X.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
13 Jan 2017Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 1/2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22938Information received regarding Mr. Ali Moezzi who was reportedly ending a two-year prison sentence in hall 12 of ward 4 of the high security Gohardasht prison of Karaj in western Teheran when, on 4 January, he was taken to unknown location and has not been seen by his family since then.arbitrary Detentiondisappearancesfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthtortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
28 Dec 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 33/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22918Information received concerning the risk of imminent execution of two young men who were sentenced to death while they were under 18 years of age and the re-sentencing of a young offender to death.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3331 Jan 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3337510 May 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3349111 Jul 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33571
01 Dec 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 31/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22869Information received concerning Mr. Keywan Karimi, a prominent Kurdish film maker who has been sentenced to one year imprisonment and 223 lashes, starting on 23 November 2016, for making a music clip and a documentary.
freedom of opinion and expressionhealthtortureIslamic Republic of Irancultural rightsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1125 Jan 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33366
30 Nov 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 30/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22861Information received concerning the refusal to provide Ms. Maryam Akbari Monfared, currently detained in Tehran’s Evin Prison, with the medical treatment she requires, and the cancellation of her visitation rights.freedom of opinion and expressionhealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1106 Feb 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33379
29 Nov 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 32/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22874Information received concerning the serious health status of Mr. Mohammed Ali Taheri.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersreligion or beliefIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1108 Feb 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33385
22 Nov 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 29/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22855Information received concerning the continued harassment of Ms. Raheleh Rahemipor, the sister of Mr. Hossein Rahemipor, whose case is under review by the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances. Ms. Rahemipour was the subject of a previous communication by Special Procedures mandate holders on 5 August 2016 (UA IRN 23/2016). disappearancesfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of Iranhuman rights defendersfreedom of opinion and expressionAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
27 Oct 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 28/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22820Information received concerning the arrest, the lack of due process and fair trial, and arbitrary conviction and sentencing of Ms. Golrokh Ebrahimi Iraee, Ms. Fatemeh Daemi, and Mr. Arash Sadeghi, by the Iranian authorities, criminalizing the legitimate exercise of their right to freedom of expression.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of Iranviolence against womenAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3128 Dec 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33335
12 Oct 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 27/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22803Information received concerning the imminent execution of Ms. Zeinab Sekaanvand Lokran, who was sentenced to death on murder charges.executionsindependence of judges and lawyerstortureviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IranhealthAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1117 Nov 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33291
06 Oct 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 26/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3363Information received concerning the detention, trial and sentence of Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe to five years of imprisonment on unknown charges, and the deterioration of her health condition over the past months.healthindependence of judges and lawyerstortureviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1106 Feb 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33380
16 Sep 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 25/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3345Information received concerning the allegedly unfair and arbitrary detention of Mr. Baquer Namazi and Mr. Kamal Foroughi by the Iranian authorities.
freedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhealthindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
07 Sep 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 24/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3335Additional information received regarding the arrest and detention of Ms. Homa Hoodfar.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthindependence of judges and lawyersviolence against womenwomen in law and in practiceIslamic Republic of IrantortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1123 Jan 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33360
05 Aug 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 22/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3303Information received concerning the imminent risk of execution of juvenile offender Mr. Barzan Nasrollah Zadeh.executionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1108 Aug 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33624
05 Aug 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 23/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3308Information received concerning alleged acts of threats and intimidation against Ms. X, the sister of Mr. Y, whose case is under review by the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances.disappearancesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
22 Jul 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 21/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3251Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrests and detentions of leading human rights lawyer and co-founder of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre (DHRC) Mr. Abdolfattah Soltani, former student activist Mr. Arash Sadeghi, and human rights defender and journalist Ms. Narges Mohammadi, all currently held in Evin Prison under unreasonably harsh and unjust conditions.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhealthhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of Iranviolence against womenAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2409 Aug 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=207528 Dec 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3333405 Jan 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33342
01 Jul 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 20/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3232Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe.

Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, aged 37, is a project manager for the Thomson-Reuters Foundation, where she deals with training projects. She is a dual Iranian-British national and her daughter is a British citizen.
healthindependence of judges and lawyersviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IrantortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1125 Aug 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=2089
24 Jun 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 19/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3219Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Ms. Homa Hoodfar.

Ms. Homa Hoodfar, aged 65, is an internationally renowned and widely published anthropologist researcher, of Iranian, Canadian and Irish nationalities. She studied a range of issues related to women’s roles and status in Muslim contexts as well as on development, refugees and informal economy. Apart from teaching at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada, she regularly participated in international research projects, including in partnerships with universities, research-based networks such as Women Living Under Muslims Laws, and civil society organizations such as Shirkat Gah (Women’s Resource Centre).
arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthviolence against womenwomen in law and in practiceIslamic Republic of Iranindependence of judges and lawyersAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1122 Aug 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=2083
07 Jun 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 16/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3189Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention and denial of due process guarantees to Mr. Nizar Ahmed Zakka, a Lebanese citizen.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IrantortureAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1104 Jan 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33337
07 Jun 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 17/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3193Information received concerning allegedly unreasonable and arbitrary new charges imposed on human rights defender, Mr. Mohammad Sadiq Kaboudvand.

Mohammad Sadiq Kaboudvand is a leading advocate of Kurdish rights in Iran and a journalist. He was the editor of Payam-e Mardom and is also the founder of Kurdistan Human Rights Organization. Mr. Sadiq Kaboudvand is currently in detention and suffering from health problems, and is alledgedly being denied adequate medical care.
arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationhealthhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1109 Sep 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=2100
03 Jun 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 15/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3188Information received concerning growing incitement of hatred against the Baha’i citizens in Iran and multiple human rights violations apparently targetting the religious practices of the Baha’i community.

religion or beliefIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific60
01 Jun 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 18/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3194Information received concerning the imminent risk of execution of juvenile offender Mr Mohammad Reza Haddadi.

executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1117 Nov 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33292
30 May 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 14/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=3185In this connection, we would like to draw the attention of your Excellency’s Government to information we have received regarding the alleged patterns of continuous discrimination against the Bahá'í population in Iran, which are undermining human rights in the areas of religion and culture. Such discrimination, inter alia, takes the form of destruction of sites, including cemeteries, which are of fundamental historical, religious and cultural significance for the Bahá'ís.

The desecration of the Bahá'í cemetery in Shiraz was the subject of two joint urgent appeals sent on 8 May 2014 (see A/HRC/27/72 , case no. IRN 8/2014) and on 20 August 2014 (see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 17/2014) by the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Special Rapporteur on minority issues. We acknowledge receipt of the response of your Excellency’s Government.

SUMMARY : Alleged patterns of continuous discrimination against the Bahá’í community in Iran, inter alia, through the destruction of historical and religious sites. According to the information received, the Bahá’í population of Iran has experienced a long history of discrimination, which is undermining their human rights in the area of religion and culture. Since 1979, numerous sites of historical, cultural and religious significance, including cemeteries, have been seized, desecrated and destroyed. Despite the importance of these sites, no consultation process about the closure of some of these cemeteries involved the affected families and co-religionists. Efforts of the Bahá’ís to redress the destruction of their cultural heritage and bring the perpetrators to justice have been unsuccessful to date. The desecration of the Bahá’í cemetery in Shiraz was subject of two previous communications sent on 8 May 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 8/2014; and on 20 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85.
cultural rightsreligion or beliefIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
17 May 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 12/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22440Alleged detention and sentencing of four Iranian journalists for exercising their right to freedom of expression. According to the information received, Ms. Afarine Chitsaz, a journalist of the daily newspaper “Iran”, Mr. Ehssan Mazandarani, the editor of the daily newspaper “Farhikhteghan” and Mr. Saman Safarzai, a journalist of the monthly publication “Andisheh Pouya”, were all arrested in November 2015 by the Revolutionary Guard and, in March 2016, received sentences of up to ten years in prison on charges including “assembly and collusion against national security”. Mr. Issa Saharkhiz, an independent journalist, was also arrested at this time and remains detained in hospital on hunger strike with further complications caused by a recent heart attack. Mr. Mazandarani was the subject of a previous communication sent on 31 January 2013, see A/HRC/23/51, case no IRN 6/2013. Mr. Saharkhiz was the subject of four previous communications sent on 10 July 2009, 11 February 2010, 1 April 2010 and 7 October 2010 (case nos. IRN 18/2009, IRN 7/2010, IRN 10/2010 and IRN 30/2010).freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific5214 Nov 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3328826 Jul 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33647
13 May 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 13/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16133Alleged imminent risk of execution of a juvenile offender. According to the information received, Mr. X was handed the death penalty in April 2013, after a criminal court convicted him of the alleged murder and rape of a friend. He was fifteen years old when he was arrested in May 2012. Following his arrest, Mr. X was allegedly placed in solitary confinement for 15 days and denied access to a lawyer during the investigation phase. During this time he was allegedly subjected to torture and other forms of ill-treatment, including beatings, floggings and suspension from his arms and legs, and forced to confess to the killing and raping of his friend. Mr. X’s execution is reportedly scheduled for 15 May 2016 in Shiraz’s Adel Abad Prison. Grave concern is inter alia expressed that the death penalty has been imposed against Mr. X who was less than 18 years old at the time of the alleged crime, in contravention of international human rights law, and following judicial proceedings that may not have fulfilled the most stringent guarantees of fair trial and due process.tortureIslamic Republic of Iranindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1126 Oct 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33277
06 May 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 11/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19676Allegations concerning the imposition of the death penalty on a minor. According to information received, in October 2013, the death penalty was handed down by Branch Three of the Criminal Court in Gilan Province to a, at that time, 16-year-old for the fatal stabbing of a man during a group fight which took place earlier that year. The Court allegedly neglected to take into account his age during sentencing despite Iranian juvenile sentencing guidelines, which allow courts to substitute the death penalty with alternatives. The death sentence was upheld by Branch 24 of the Supreme Court in June 2014 and further applications for retrial have been rejected. It is reported that the minor was subjected to torture and ill-treatment while in police custody and denied due process and fair trial rights during his trial proceedings. The execution of the now 19-year-old, which was scheduled for 16 April 2016, has reportedly recently been postponed to allow the families to mediate a settlement.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1104 Jan 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33339
28 Apr 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 10/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19761Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and prosecution of a trade unionist. According to the information received, in April 2015, Mr. Ismail Abdi was arrested and detained in solitary confinement for his work as a trade unionist. In April 2016, he was sentenced to six years’ imprisonment for “gathering and colluding to commit crimes against national security”. It is reported that he is yet to appeal his sentence and has expressed his intention to go on hunger strike. Serious concern is expressed about the sentencing of Mr. Abdi, allegedly for his work as a trade unionist and the exercise of his rights to freedom of expression and freedom of association. Mr. Abdi was the subject of a previous communication sent on 3 December 2015, see A/HRC/32/53, case no. IRN 23/2015.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1111 Aug 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33630
26 Apr 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 9/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15892Alleged arbitrary detention of an Iranian national involving denial of due process and of the right to a fair trial, as well as of medical treatment in detention. According to the information received, Mr. Omid Kokabee, an Iranian experimental laser physicist, was sentenced by Iran’s Revolutionary Court to ten years’ imprisonment for having “connections with a hostile Government” in relation to his studies in the United States of America. Reportedly, the failure to properly diagnose and treat kidney problems during imprisonment have led to Mr. Kokabee developing kidney cancer as a result of which, very recently, his kidney was surgically removed. Mr. Kokabee’s continued detention is reportedly preventing him from receiving adequate medical treatment for his cancer and other serious medical problems. arbitrary DetentiontorturehealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1205 Sep 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3280314 Nov 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33287
22 Apr 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22464Allegations concerning the continued detention of two political prisoners despite reported serious health concerns. According to the information received, Mr. Hossein Ronaghi Maleki was arrested on 13 December 2009 and sentenced to 15 years in prison (reduced to 13 years on appeal) for, inter alia, “insulting the Supreme Leader”. While on hunger strike, he has been denied adequate access to health facilities for treatment of his health problems, including kidney disease. In another case, the Appeal Court in Tehran has recently upheld the sentence of Mr. Mohammad Hossein Rafiee Fanood to six years imprisonment and a two-year ban on political activities. Mr. Rafiee allegedly suffers from serious health issues, including a heart condition, high blood pressure and severe allergies. He was also allegedly subjected to inhuman and degrading treatment while in detention. Mr. Rafiee was the subject of a previous communication sent on 1 February 2016, see A/HRC/32/53, case no. IRN 2/2016. freedom of opinion and expressionhealthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2213 Jun 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3184522 Aug 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31846
19 Apr 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19776Alleged arbitrary detention and charges brought against a human rights defender with serious medical conditions, for her legitimate human rights work and the exercise of her rights to freedom of association and freedom of expression. According to the information received, in May 2015, Ms. Narges Mohammadi was detained and charged with several offences allegedly related to her human rights work at the Defenders of Human Rights Center. In October 2015, she suffered from seizures and was transferred to hospital where she was handcuffed to the bed and constantly supervised by security officers. Security officers returned her to prison, against her doctor’s advice, where she remains to date. The next hearing of her trial is scheduled to take place on 20 April 2016. Serious concern is expressed for Ms. Mohammadi’s health and the alleged reason for her detention and the charges brought against her, namely her human rights work. Ms. Mohammadi was the subject of five previous communications sent on 29 October 2015, see A/HRC/31/79, case no. IRN 20/2015; 19 May 2015, see A/HRC/30/27, case no. IRN 5/2015; 27 March 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. IRN 5/2012; 11 October 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. IRN 13/2011; and 23 June 2010, see A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, case no. IRN 16/2010.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersviolence against womenhealthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationwomen in law and in practiceIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1209 Aug 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3286908 Sep 2017https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33689
08 Apr 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19880Alleged imminent execution of an Iranian national on drug related offenses. According to the information received, on 24 August 2011, Mr. Rashid Kouhi, a 36-year-old Iranian computer science student, was arrested in Roudbar, Gilan Province, for the possession of 800 grams of crystal meth. On 30 January 2012, Mr. Kouhi was tried before Branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court in Roudbar. He reportedly did not have access to a lawyer during the investigations phase of his case. During the inquiries, Mr Kouhi reportedly claimed that the drugs had been placed in his bag without his knowledge. On 2 February 2012, the Court sentenced him to death. Mr. Rashid Kouhi was denied the right to appeal his death sentence. He has requested clemency twice, but his requests have been rejected. His execution has been scheduled for the morning of 9 April 2016. Serious concern is expressed that the death penalty may be carried out against Mr. Kouhi for an offence that does not meet the threshold of “most serious crimes” and that the death penalty has been upheld following judicial procedures that may not fulfil the most stringent guarantees of fair trial and due process.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
19 Feb 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15816Alleged mass conviction of Baha’is for peaceful exercise of their right to freedom of religion, expression and association. According to the information received, on 5 January 2016, Branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court in the city of Gorgan, Golestan Province of Iran, sentenced 24 Iranian Baha’is (Shahnam Jazbani, 48 years old; Sheida Ghoddousi, 47 years old; Farahnaz Tebyanian, 48 years old; Pouneh Sanaie, 43 years old; Parisa Shahidi, 46 years old; Mona Amri, 32 years old; Mojdeh Zohouri Golkenari, 43 years old; Behnam Hasani, 42 years old; Hona Aghighian, 53 years old; Hona Koushk-Baghi, 37 years old; Bita Hedayati, 45 years old; Vesagh Sanaie, 39 years old; Shohreh Samimi, 41 years old; Tina Mowhebati, 21 years old; Parivash Shojaie, 37 years old; Roufia Pakzadan, 27 years old; Nazi Tahghighi Hesari, 50 years old; Soudabeh Mehdinejad Behnamiri, 42 years old; Mitra Nouri, 55 years old; Shiva Rowhani, 45 years old; Navid Moallem, 47 years old; Houshmand Dehghan, 46 years old; Karmilia Bidelian, 42 years old; Maryam Dehghan, 60 years old) to lengthy prison sentences, ranging from 6 to 11 years. The Revolutionary Court reportedly convicted them for violating the country’s national security laws, especially articles 498, 499, 500 and 508 of the Islamic Penal Code. Concern is expressed that the arrest, detention and sentencing of the 24 aforementioned Baha’is may be solely related to the peaceful exercise of their right to freedom of religion, expression and association. religion or beliefIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific24126 May 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31844
18 Feb 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 4/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=13332Allegations concerning the arrest, detention and sentencing of two musicians and a filmmaker for producing and distributing underground music. According to the information received, on 5 October 2013, Mr. Mehdi Rajabian, Mr. Yousef Emadi and Mr. Hossein Rajabian were arrested by the intelligence unit of the Revolutionary Guard and detained in the northern city of Sari, including in solitary confinement and without access to a lawyer. After 18 days, all three men appeared before the 3rd Branch of the Revolutionary Court and were sent to Evin Prison, Tehran, before being released after a period ranging between 40 days and two months, upon payment of a bail of 200 million Tomans (approximately 6.625 USD). In May 2015, the three individuals appeared at their trial before Branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court, who sentenced them to six years in prison and fined them 200 million Tomans for “insulting the sacred” and “propaganda against the state” through the production and promotion of underground music. On 22 December 2015, the three men appeared before Branch 54 of the Tehran Appeals Court, whose decision is expected shortly.freedom of opinion and expressiontorturecultural rightsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3117 May 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31660
01 Feb 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 2/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15912Alleged arbitrary detention and denial of adequate medical treatment to an elderly person. According to the information received, on 16 June 2015, Mr. Mohammad Hossein Rafiee Fanood, a 70 years old retired university professor, was arrested without a warrant by agents from the Ministry of Intelligence. Following his arrest, Mr. Rafiee Fanood was transferred to Section 8 of Evin Prison, where he is currently being held. In July 2015, Mr. Rafiee Fanood was verbally informed that he had been arrested to serve a four-year prison sentence handed down in 2003 on charges of “membership and activity with the illegal group” and for “spreading propaganda against the State through his writings and statements.” Mr. Rafiee Fanood suffers from serious health problems, including a heart condition, high blood pressure, thyroid issues and severe allergies. It is reported that he does not have access to a specialist physician and that the prison authorities have recently refused to give him medicines provided by his family.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
22 Jan 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 1/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19755Alleged arbitrary detention, denial of due process and inadequate medical treatment of a human rights defender. According to the information received, Ms. Bahareh Hedayat, a student and prominent women’s rights activist, has been in prison since 31 December 2009. On 5 May 2010, she was sentenced to seven and a half years of imprisonment on charges of crimes against national security, insulting the President and insulting the Supreme Leader. In December 2010, Ms. Hedayat reportedly received an additional six-month prison sentence on charges of “propaganda against the state” for writing a letter from prison, in which she urged Iranian students to continue their peaceful struggle. On 17 August 2015, the Revolutionary Court issued a two-year suspended sentence at the request of Tehran’s Prosecutor General. She is reportedly suffering from chronic illness and has been diagnosed with gallstones during her imprisonment. However, Ms. Hedayat has allegedly been denied adequate medical attention. freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersviolence against womenhealthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1114 Jun 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32557
20 Jan 2016Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 3/2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19796Alleged imminent risk of execution by stoning of an Iranian woman. According to the information received, in November 2013, Ms. Fariba Khalegi was arrested on suspicion of involvement in the murder of her husband. While she was initially released without charge, Ms. Khalegi was later charged with having a sexual relationship with her husband’s alleged, and later convicted, murderer. On 15 October 2014, Ms. Khalegi was reportedly convicted of adultery (zina-ye mohsaneh) and sentenced to death by stoning. The sentence was reportedly upheld by the Supreme Court on 27 January 2015. It is believed that her execution is imminent as all legal avenues of appeal appear to have been exhausted.executionstortureviolence against womenwomen in law and in practiceIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1107 Jul 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31576
17 Dec 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)ALIRN 24/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16317Follow-up letter following the Government’s response to communication IRN 15/2015 about allegations of discriminatory legal provisions against women in marital status matters. The Working Group welcomes the additional information provided by the Government on the integration of gender equality in some aspects of women’s marital status. It requests specific details on the measures taken to advance reform of marital status legislation, including a reform of the Iranian Civil Code. Communication IRN 15/2015 was sent on 24 August 2015, see A/HRC/31/79.women in law and in practiceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific0114 Apr 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31574
03 Dec 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 23/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15694Alleged prosecution of teachers and teachers’ organizations in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, Mr. Esmail Abdi, General Secretary of the Iranian Teachers’ Trade Association (ITTA), was arrested in June 2015 and is currently being held in Evin Prison in Tehran on unknown charges. The whereabouts of Mr. Ramin Zandnia, a well-known and active ITTA member, and Ms. Pravin Mohammadi, a human rights activist, are unknown since their arrest on 15 October 2015 by Revolutionary guards. Mr. Rasoul Bodahi, a member of ITTA, is currently serving a three year prison sentence handed down to him while he was already serving a prison sentence after he had been arrested in September 2009. Mr. Abdholreza Ghanbari, a literature professor and unionist, was arrested on 4 January 2010 and sentenced to 15 years in prison; he remains imprisoned and in poor health. Mr. Ali Akbar Baghani, the Deputy Director of the ITTA, was sentenced to 5 years in prison and has been detained since his arrest in May 2015. Mr. Mohammad Reza Niknejad and Mr. Mehdi Bohlooli, both ITTA activists, were released on a high bail after their arrest on 31 August 2015; their trial is pending. freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstorturedisappearancesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific70
24 Nov 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 22/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16206Alleged imminent execution of a foreign national in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, Mr. Kelven Ozube Agbai, a Nigerian citizen, has been held in Evin Prison since March 2013, after being arrested upon his arrival at Imam Khomeini Airport in Tehran for drug-trafficking. On 29 August 2013, Branch 24 of Tehran’s Revolutionary Court convicted Mr. Agbai for possession of 1.46 kilograms of cocaine and sentenced him to death. The conviction and death sentence were confirmed by the Prosecutor General’s office. Serious concerns are expressed about the apparent lack of due process and fairness of the trial. Mr. Agbai’s sentence can be executed at any time.independence of judges and lawyersexecutionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
11 Nov 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 21/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16205Alleged imminent executions of two men who were under the age of 18 at the time of the alleged offences and of one political activist in Iran, following repeated torture during detention and the extraction of confessions under torture and after trials that did not comply with due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, Mr. Mohammad Ali Zehi is currently imprisoned in Adelabad Prison, where he is to be executed for his alleged involvement in drug trafficking for activities that occurred when he was under the age of 18. Mr. Milad Azimi was convicted for allegedly causing death by stabbing in a fight that the court has acknowledged occurred when he was 17 years old. Mr. Shahram Ahmadi was convicted of “waging war against God” through “links to Salafi groups” and “propaganda against the system, through participating in ideological and political classes and possessing, selling, and buying books and CDs of speeches related to Sunni beliefs.” He is being held in Raja’i Shahr Prison. All three men are at risk of imminent execution.independence of judges and lawyersreligion or beliefexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3218 Apr 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3277404 May 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32775
29 Oct 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 16/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15763Allegations concerning the execution of a Kurdish man on charges of moharebeh (enmity against God) in Iran. On 26 August 2015, Mr. Behrouz Alkhani, a 30-year-old Kurdish man, was executed while awaiting the outcome of a Supreme Court appeal. He had reportedly been held in solitary confinement without access to a lawyer for over a year prior to his execution. Mr. Alkhani was arrested in January 2010 in West Azerbaijan and, in 2011, convicted and sentenced to death on charges of “effective collaboration with PJAK” (Party of Free Life of Kurdistan) and “enmity against God (moharebeh) for his alleged role in the assassination of the Prosecutor of Khoy, in the West Azerbaijan province. Following his execution, authorities have reportedly refused to return his body to his family for burial. independence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1126 Apr 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32629
29 Oct 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 20/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19736Alleged arbitrary detention, sentencing to flogging and subjecting human rights activists to a virginity test. According to the information received, Ms. Fatemeh Ekhtesari was sentenced to over 11 years in prison for her collection of poetry. Mr. Mehdi Moosavi was sentenced to six years in prison for his poetry. Ms. Atena Farghadani was sentenced to over twelve years for a cartoon. All three were also charged with “illegitimate sexual relationship short of adultery” for shaking hands with a non-relative of the opposite sex. Ms. Ekhtesari and Mr. Moosavi were sentenced to ninety-nine lashes. Ms. Farghadani has not been sentenced but has already been subjected to forced virginity and pregnancy testing. Ms. Narges Mohammadi, a prominent Iranian rearrested 5 May 2015, has been subjected to harassment and deprived of necessary medical care. Ms Farghadani and Ms Mohammadi have been the subjects of seven previous communications, the most recent of which was sent 4 June 2015, see above, case no. IRN 6/2015.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstortureviolence against womenhealthcultural rightsfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific4204 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3186416 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31865
16 Oct 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 19/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15800Allegations concerning the executions of juvenile offenders. According to the information received, on 13 October 2015, Ms. Fatemeh Salbehi was executed in Shiraz. In May 2010, Ms. Salbehi was sentenced to death for allegedly having killed her husband in 2008, when Ms. Salbehi was seventeen years old. In September 2013, the Supreme Court granted a request for a judicial review of her case based on a new provision in Iran’s 2013 Penal Code. Her entire trial in 2014 lasted barely three hours and her sentence was upheld. On 6 October 2015, Mr. Samad Zahabi was reportedly executed in secret in Kermanshah’s Dizel Abad Prison. He was sentenced to death in March 2013 for the killing of a fellow shepherd, which Mr. Zahabi claimed was in self-defence. He was seventeen years old at the time of alleged killing. The Supreme Court had reportedly earlier upheld his death sentence.executionsviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2213 Nov 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3253916 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32671
13 Oct 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 18/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16203Allegations concerning the deteriorating health conditions of a political prisoner. According to the information received, Mr. Mohammed Ali Taheri, who has been sentenced to death for “corruption on earth”, is currently engaged in a hunger strike that is approaching two months in length. He is protesting the illegitimacy of the crime he was convicted of as well as the deprivation of due process in the case and for the subsequent appeal. Mr. Taheri’s medical condition is deteriorating quickly and he is at risk of death. Mr Taheri has been the subject of five previous urgent appeals sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013; 22 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 13/2013; 24 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 4/2014; 25 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 28/2014; and 10 August 2015, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 12/2015. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersreligion or beliefexecutionstorturehealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1124 Nov 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32751
05 Oct 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 17/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19158Alleged custodial death of a political prisoner in Iran. According to information received, on 13 September 2015, Mr. Shahrokh Zamani, a labour activist was found dead in his cell at Raja’i Shahr Prison. He had been waiting for nearly a year to receive a MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) test to diagnose persistent neurological symptoms, including headaches and dizziness. Prison medical officials believed Mr. Zamani died of a stroke. It is alleged that the Raja’i Shahr Prison is severely overcrowded. There are also reports of unsanitary conditions, and deficient food for inmates and systemic denials of necessary medical care, as was the case with Mr. Zamani. Mr. Zamani was subject to especially harsh treatment and was denied furlough and phone access. Mr. Zamani was the subject of two urgent appeals sent on 17 April 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 7/2014, and 15 July 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 12/2014.human rights defenderstorturehealthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
24 Aug 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)ALIRN 15/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16275Letter concerning discriminatory legal provisions against women regarding marital status in the Iranian legislation. According to the information received, several articles of the Civil Code discriminate against women with regard to the legal age of marriage, consent for marrying, polygamy, marital rights, divorce, child custody, responsibilities between spouses and inheritance. women in law and in practiceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific0127 Oct 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32658
20 Aug 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 14/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=13313Alleged application of corporal punishments on several prisoners in the form of flogging, amputation and blinding. On 3 March 2015, an unidentified man was reportedly blinded in his left eye in Rajai-Shahr prison- city of Karaj, for throwing acid in the face of an unnamed victim five years earlier in the city of Qom. On 18 May 2015, Mr. Kamran Jamalzadeh was flogged in public in one of the main streets of the city of Karaj. On 28 June 2015, two unidentified men reportedly had their fingers amputated without general anaesthetic in the Central Prison of Mashhad, North-eastern Khorasan Province. On 1 August 2015, a 27-year-old man, identified as Hamed, was sentenced to be blinded under the “Qisas” principles (retribution in kind). Two other inmates in Mashhad Central Prison, identified as Rahman K. and Mehdi R., reportedly had their right hands and left feet amputated after having been convicted of “Moharebeh” (waging war against God) for armed robbery on 3 August and 11 August 2015 respectively.tortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific40
12 Aug 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 13/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15793Alleged arbitrary detention of a journalist for having exercised his rights to freedom of opinion and expression; freedom of association and political participation, and violation of his right to due process of law. According to the information received, Mr. Jason Rezaian, a double national from the Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States of America, and Washington Post’s correspondent in Tehran, was arrested on 22 July 2014 at his home, by agents of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps. The Revolutionary Court has failed to publicly disclose the charges against him. His trial started ten months later, closed to the public and even Mr. Rezaian’s close relatives. He has had no opportunity to present witnesses or evidence in his defense; nor has he had any opportunity to examine and challenge witnesses and evidence against him. Mr. Rezaian has also been deprived of due process and denied his rights to legal counsel of his choosing as well as to consular visitation. The conditions at Evin Prison have resulted in a dramatic deterioration of Rezaian’s health. Mr. Rezaian was the subject of two previous communications sent on 4 June 2015, see above, case no. IRN 6/2015, and on 6 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 16/2014. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defenderstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
10 Aug 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 12/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19155Allegations concerning the imposition of the death penalty on an honorary doctor for his spiritual beliefs and practices. Dr. Mohammad Ali Taheri, honorary doctor, author of alternative medicine theories used in Iran and abroad, and founder of Erfan-e-Halgheh (inter-universalism), was arrested on 4 May 2011 and again in October 2011, and reportedly sentenced to five years in prison for allegedly having insulted Islamic sanctities. The sentence was related to his spiritual beliefs and practices. While serving his five year sentence, the charge of Mosfed fel Arz (spreading corruption on earth) was introduced at a second trial that took place in two sessions on 11 March and 29 April 2015. On 1 August 2015, Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Court sentenced Dr. Taheri to death for establishing Erfan-e-Halgheh. Dr. Taheri was the subject of four previous communications sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013; on 22 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 13/2013; on 24 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 4/2014; and on 25 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. 28/2014.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersreligion or beliefexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
30 Jul 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 10/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15790Allegations concerning the introduction of restrictions on the right to a fair trial by a new Code of Criminal Procedure in Iran. According to the information received, on 22 June 2015, a new Code of Criminal Procedure came into force in which the right to access to a lawyer during the investigative phase could be limited to choosing counsel from a roster approved by the Head of the Judiciary. The same restrictions apply to individuals facing crimes against national or foreign security, political and press crimes as well as crimes punishable by the death sentence or life imprisonment. The new Code also reportedly allows the right to a lawyer to be waived by the judiciary for up to a week in these cases, as well as removes the provision that discredited the investigation of cases in which the defendant’s right to a lawyer during the investigative phase was withheld or not properly implemented. Concern is expressed that the new Code of Criminal Procedure appears to weaken or abrogate some of the positive measures introduced in the Code approved in April 2014, thereby undermining fair trial and due process guarantees.independence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
29 Jul 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 11/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15761Allegations concerning the imminent execution of a juvenile offender. According to the information received, Mr. Salar Shadizadi faces imminent execution for a killing that occurred in February 2007 when he was 15 years old. He was sentenced to death in December 2007 and remained on death row for several years before being transferred to solitary confinement in preparation for execution in 2013. His execution was halted in time to allow him to submit a request for judicial review, as he was under 18 years of age at the time of the offence and article 91 of the revised Penal Code allows courts to review such cases. The Legal Medicine Organisation found no evidence of insanity at the time of the murder and could not conclude anything about his growth or maturity in the seven years since. In the absence of evidence to rebut the presumption that boys at the age of 15 are mentally mature, the Supreme Court upheld his death sentence.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
24 Jun 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 9/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=20209Allegations concerning the arrest, detention, ill-treatment and sentencing of a civil rights activist and a journalist after unfair trials. According to the information received, on 21 October 2014, Ms. Atena Daemi was arrested and detained in Evin Prison. She was reportedly held in solitary confinement for 58 days under degrading conditions, and without access to a lawyer. While in detention, she was subjected to extensive interrogations and ill-treatment. On 12 May 2015, Ms. Daemi was sentenced to 14 years in prison by Branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran for inter alia “spreading propaganda against the system” and “insulting the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran” based on her criticism on social media of the high number of executions in Iran and other peaceful activities. While in prison, Ms. Daemi has reportedly developed health problems but the authorities have to this date refused to grant her medical leave. On 10 May 2014, Mr. Seraj Mirdamadi was arrested and detained in Evin prison. He was held in solitary confinement for six months. On 27 July 2014, Mr. Mirdamadi was sentenced to six years in prison by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court for “propaganda against the state” and “conspiracy against national security. On 29 October 2014, the Appeal Court reduced his sentence to three years in prison and a two-year travel ban. Despite having had critical health issues, Mr. Mirdamadi did not receive adequate medical treatment for five months before he finally underwent surgery on 28 May 2015.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstorturehealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2116 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32697
10 Jun 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=13338Allegations concerning a trial resulting in a death sentence, and of imminent risk of execution, in contravention of international human rights law. According to the information received, Mr. Ehsan Shah Ghasemi faces imminent execution for an assault that occurred in July 2011, which allegedly led to the death of the victim in March 2014. Mr. Ghasemi was first arrested in 2011 and detained at Kahrizak Detention Centre, including in solitary confinement, where he suffered torture and ill-treatment. He was tried and convicted for the assault by a Tehran criminal court between March and April 2012, but later pardoned by the victim. He was re-arrested in March 2014, after the victim died from complications related to the initial injury. He was not able to choose his own lawyer for his trial before Branch 113 of the Criminal Court of Tehran Province in October 2014, and his access to the court-recommended lawyer was restricted. The Criminal Court sentenced Mr. Ghasemi to death under the principle of “retribution in kind”, a sentence which was upheld by Iran’s Supreme Court in May 2015. Reports indicate that the deceased victim’s portrayal by authorities as a “martyr” who gave his life to “promote Islamic virtue and prohibit vice” may have had an impact during the court proceedings.executionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
04 Jun 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19950Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention, prolonged solitary confinement and unfair trial of an artist and two journalists. According to the information received, on 26 February 2015, Ms. Atena Farghadani, a graphic arts student who had been detained in Gharchak prison since August 2014, was taken to hospital after suffering a heart attack. After release from hospital, Ms. Farghadani was reportedly taken to Evin prison where she is being held in solitary confinement. On 19 May 2015 her trial commenced on charges of, inter alia, “spreading propaganda against the system”, and “insulting the Supreme Leader”, and on 1 June 2015, she was reportedly sentenced to 12 years and nine months in prison. It is reported that her lawyer was not allowed to review her case file. On 22 July 2014, Mr. Jason Rezaian, an American-Iranian journalist, was arrested together with his wife, Ms. Yeganeh Salehi, also a journalist. Ms. Salehi was released on bail in October 2014. In April 2015, Mr. Rezaian was formally charged with espionage. Mr. Rezaian’s and Ms. Salehi’s trial started on 26 May 2015. During his detention, Mr. Rezaian spent a number of months in solitary confinement, during which he was interrogated repeatedly. Ms. Farghadani and Mr. Rezaian were the subject of two previous communications sent on 6 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 16/2014, and on 16 January 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. IRN 1/2015.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2204 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3207616 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32075
02 Jun 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=13337Alleged imminent execution of two juvenile offenders after trials that did not meet due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, on 18 March 2015, Mr. Saman Naseem, whose death sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court in December 2013 and who was scheduled for execution on 19 February 2015, was transferred from Oroumieh prison to an unknown location. In March 2015, the authorities informed Mr. Naseem’s lawyer that his execution had not been carried out. In 2009, in another case, Mr. Hamid Ahmadi was reportedly sentenced to death. However, the Supreme Court overturned his sentence and sent the case back to the Appeals Court for re-trial. In March 2010, the Appeals Court in Gilan Province re-sentenced Mr. Ahmadi to death, a decision which was upheld by the Supreme Court in November 2010. Mr. Ahmadi’s application for judicial review is currently pending before the Supreme Court. Mr. Naseem was the subject of two previous communications dated 14 October 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 23/2014, and 12 February 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. IRN 3/2015.independence of judges and lawyersexecutionstorturedisappearancesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2104 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32533
19 May 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15888Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and unfair trial of a human rights defender. According to the information received, on 5 May 2015, Ms. Narges Mohammadi, the Deputy Director and Spokeswoman for the Centre for Human Rights Defenders (CHRD) and founder of the civil society group “Step by step to stop the death penalty” (LEGAM), was arrested at her home by intelligence ministry agents that stated that she was being taken into custody in order to serve the remainder of her six-year prison sentence that she received on 22 April 2012. She was provisionally released on 31 July 2012 for medical reasons linked to the medical treatment she received in prison. Two days prior to Ms. Mohammadi’s arrest, she appeared before Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court in Tehran for her first session of trial where she faces new charges, including “propaganda against the state”, “assembly and collusion against the state” and “establishing the anti-security and illegal Step by Step to Stop Death Penalty” group. The defence team was unable to review the case file prior to the trial. Ms. Mohammadi has been the subject of several previous communications sent on 23 June 2010, see A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, paras. 1220 - 1225, 11 October 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. IRN 13/2011, and 27 March 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. IRN 5/2012. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyershealthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1116 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31626
12 May 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 4/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19374Alleged mass arrest and harassment of Ahwazi Arab minorities in Khuzestan Province. According to the information received, on 14 March 2015, Mr. X, an Ahwazi Arab, reportedly set himself on fire in response to repeated harassment from local authorities regarding licensure of his produce stand. Mr. X reportedly later died as a result of inadequate medical attention to his burns. In response, protests were held in several Arab-majority cities. On 17 March 2015, about one thousand protestors were reportedly detained in Ahwaz and released only after signing a pledge. Several protestors remain incarcerated with criminal charges pending against them. Following Mr. X’s death, his family has reportedly been harassed by authorities. From mid-March to April 2015, up to one hundred Ahwazi Arabs, including activists and several minors, were arrested without warrants by armed masked men following peaceful protests leading up to the tenth anniversary of the 15 April 2005 Ahwazi uprising. religion or beliefminority issuesfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1104 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32746
12 Feb 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 3/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19795Alleged imminent risk of execution of a juvenile offender in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, Mr. Saman Naseem was sentenced to death in April 2013 by a criminal Court in Mahabad for Moharebeh (“enmity against God”) and Ifsad fil-Arz (“corruption on earth”) in relation to his alleged involvement in an armed confrontation between Revolutionary Guards and the Party for Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK) in Sardasht in 2011. The Supreme Court reportedly upheld the sentence in December 2013. The Oroumieh Central Prison, where Mr. Naseem is currently being held, has reportedly received clearance from the Judiciary’s implementation division to carry out his execution on 19 February 2015. Mr. Naseem’s lawyer has allegedly been prevented from reviewing the case file for information about the impending execution and pursuing the case. Grave concern is expressed at the imminent execution of Mr. Naseem, who at the time of the alleged crime is believed to have been less than 18 years old, which would render his execution a violation of international human rights law. Mr. Naseem was the subject of a previous communication sent on 14 October 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 23/2014.executionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1216 Jun 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3252404 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32525
27 Jan 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 2/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19687Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of a woman human rights defender and member of the Council for Defence of Educational Rights in Iran. According to the information received, on 24 October 2014, Ms. Mehdieh Golrou was arrested after her participation in a peaceful protest on 22 October 2014 to denounce a series of acid attacks against women in Ispahan. She was taken to Evin Prison, where she was held in solitary confinement for 60 days, before being moved to another cell. While Ms. Golrou is yet to be charged, her case has been referred to Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran. Although she is allowed family visits, which are always attended by interrogators, Ms. Golrou has not been allowed to consult with the defence lawyer appointed by her family. arbitrary Detentionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersviolence against womenfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationwomen in law and in practiceIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
16 Jan 2015Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 1/2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22436Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of an Iranian woman for a drawing she created protesting the banning of vasectomies and family planning. According to the information received, on 10 January 2015, Ms. Atena Farghdani, a graphic arts student, was summoned to Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court, where she was arrested and subsequently beaten in front of her parents. Upon Ms. Farghdani’s protest, she was taken to a court room, where she was insulted and beaten again, this time allegedly in front of a judge. She was then taken to Varamin prison, where she is currently being held. She has been accused of propaganda against the system; acts against national security; and insulting Members of Parliament. These accusations reportedly stem from a drawing she created, protesting the banning of vasectomies and family planning. Concern is expressed at the arrest and detention of Ms. Farghdani, and the physical abuse which occurred inside a courtroom in the presence of authorities.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1116 Mar 2016https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32484
02 Dec 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 29/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22446Alleged imposition of the death penalty and risk of execution of a photographer on charges of “insulting the Prophet of Islam”. According to the information received, in November 2013, Mr. Soheil Arabi, a 30-year-old photographer, was arrested by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) at his home in Tehran. He was placed in solitary confinement in Evin Prison for two months before being transferred to another section of the prison. Mr. Arabi was reportedly pressured into making a confession of guilt during interrogations. On 30 August 2014, the Criminal Court of Tehran sentenced Mr. Arabi to death for “insulting the Prophet of Islam” (Sabbo al-Nabbi) in connection with postings Mr. Arabi purportedly had made on Facebook. On 4 September 2014, a Tehran Revolutionary Court, in a separate case stemming from the same Facebook postings, sentenced Mr. Arabi to three years’ imprisonment for “spreading propaganda against the system” and “insulting the leader”. On 24 November 2014, the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence against Mr. Arabi. freedom of opinion and expressionreligion or beliefexecutionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
25 Nov 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 28/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=13324Alleged physical and psychological torture and ill-treatment, including prolonged solitary confinement and denial of adequate medical care, of a spiritual leader, and the arrest and detention of a blogger, in reprisal for their cooperation with the United Nations, its mechanisms and representatives in the field of human rights. On 25 October 2014, Dr. Mohammad Ali Taheri began a hunger strike in protest of his continued detention in solitary confinement and the introduction of a new charge against him, namely corruption on earth (Mofsid fil Arz), in relation to his letter addressed to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. If convicted, the new charge could result in the imposition of the death penalty. Even though Dr. Taheri became unconscious on 15 November 2014, he was not sent to hospital for proper treatment. Mr. Mohammad Reza Pourshajari, who was released on 23 August 2014 after serving a four year prison term, was rearrested on 30 September 2014, including for contacts with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. He is reportedly currently awaiting his court trial. Dr. Taheri and Mr. Pourshajari were the subject of previous communications sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013; on 22 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 13/2013; and on 24 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 4/2014.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersreligion or belieftortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2121 Apr 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32100
14 Nov 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)ALIRN 27/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16141Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in the Islamic Republic of Iran does not provide women equal rights with men to confer their nationality to their children, since only men can confer their nationalities to their children in all circumstances. women in law and in practiceAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
06 Nov 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 26/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16319Allegations of a ban on the legal practice of a prominent lawyer and human rights defender in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, on 19 October 2014, the Iranian Bar Association revoked the license of Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh and imposed a three year ban on her practice as a lawyer. Ms. Sotoudeh had been released from prison on 18 September 2014, after having served half of her six year sentence imposed on charges including “acting against national security” and “propaganda against the system”. Concerns are raised that the ban imposed on Ms. Sotoudeh not only represents a setback in her case, but also sets a dangerous precedent regarding the arbitrary disqualification of human rights activists and lawyers in the future. Ms. Sotoudeh was the subject of four previous communications sent on 19 November 2010, see A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, para. 1272-1276; on 23 December 2010, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. 35/2010; on 11 October 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. 13/2011; and on 27 July 2012, A/HRC/22/67, case no. IRN 18/2012.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
21 Oct 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 25/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19788Alleged arrest and detention of a human rights activist, including as a form of reprisal for cooperating with the United Nations, its mechanisms and representatives in the field of human rights. According to the information received, on 2 June 2014, Mr. Saeed Shirzad, a human rights activist and member of the Society for Defending Street and Working Children, was arrested at his workplace in Tabriz, East Azerbaijan Province, and held overnight at the Ministry of Intelligence detention facility, before being transferred to Evin Prison, Tehran. He was reportedly held in solitary confinement for two months in Ward 209 without access to a lawyer. Although no indictment has been issued against Mr. Shirzad, he was allegedly verbally informed of his charges on 18 August 2014, which included association and collusion against national security, propaganda against the system and cooperation with the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Mr Shirzad was the subject of a previous communication sent on 15 July 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 12/2014.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1111 Jun 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31617
17 Oct 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 24/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15695Alleged arrest, detention, and sentencing of seven individuals for exercising their right to freedom of expression, including in the form of art, and their right to take part in cultural life without discrimination on the basis of sex and gender. On 19 May 2014, Iranian police officers arrested Mr. Sassan Soleimani, Ms. Reyhaneh Taravadi, Ms. Neda Motameni, Ms. Afshin Sohrabi, Mr. Bardia Moradi, and Mr. Roham Shamekhi for appearing in a video. They were released on bail the following day after a publicized forced apology. On 18 September 2014, they were sentenced to prison terms ranging between six months and one year, with a suspension for three years, as well as to 91 lashes each. On 20 June 2014, Ms. Ghoncheh Gavami, a British-Iranian national was arrested outside the Azadi Stadium in Iran, for protesting against the State’s ban on Iranian women watching volleyball and football games in stadiums. She was initially held in Vozara Detention Centre before her transfer to Evin Prison, Tehran, where she was held in solitary confinement without access to a lawyer for 41 days. On 1 October 2014, she went on hunger strike in protest of her continued detention. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionviolence against womencultural rightsfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific70
14 Oct 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 23/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16316Alleged risk of execution of a juvenile offender in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, on 17 July 2011, Mr. Saman Naseem, at that time a juvenile, and member of Party for Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK), was arrested after an armed confrontation between the Revolutionary Guards and PJAK in Sardasht, West Azerbaijan Province, which allegedly led to the death of one Revolutionary Guard and injury of three others. In August 2012, the Supreme Court overturned the death sentence handed down by the Revolutionary Court in Mahabad in January 2012, following a trial that fell short of international standards. In April 2013, a criminal court in Mahabad sentenced Mr. Naseem to death for “enmity against God” (Moharebeh) and “corruption on earth” (Ifsad fil-arz). The death sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court in December 2013. Mr. Naseem is reportedly currently detained in Oroumieh Central Prison, awaiting execution.executionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1116 Jun 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32252
09 Oct 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 22/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16178Allegations of arbitrary detention and mistreatment in prison of nine members of the Gonabadi dervish religious minority in Iran. According the information received, Messrs. Mostafa Abdi, Reza Entesari, Hamidreza Moradi and Kasra Nouri, and their lawyers, as well as Messrs. Amir Eslami, Farshid Yadollahi, Mostafa Daneshjoo, Afshin Karampour and Omid Behrouzi, all of them currently imprisoned, are members of the Gonabadi dervish religious minority. Most of the above-mentioned individuals were reportedly arrested and detained in September 2011, during a wave of arrests of Gonabadi dervishes. Reportedly, the nine men were all held in prolonged solitary confinement without access to their lawyers and families. In 2013, they were sentenced to different prison terms on various charges, including “colluding against national security through membership in a deviant sect”, “disseminating propaganda against the state”, “disturbing public opinion”, and “disturbing public order”. Since 31 August 2014, the detainees have been on hunger strike in order to stop the Iranian authorities from imprisoning Gonabadi dervishes and their lawyers, and destroying their houses of worship (hosseinieh). Concerns are raised about the physical and psychological integrity of the detainees. Mr. Kasra Nouri was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 16 April 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. IRN 7/2013. arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersreligion or beliefminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific90
07 Oct 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 21/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19664Alleged risk of imminent execution of a woman after a trial that did not meet fair trial and due process guarantees. According to the information received, on 29 September 2014, authorities transferred Ms. Reyhaneh Jabbari from Gharchak Prison in Tehran to Raja’i Shahr Prison where she was scheduled to be executed the next morning. Ms. Jabbari was sentenced to death in 2007 for allegedly killing a member of the Iranian intelligence services after he attempted to rape her. Raja’i Shahr Prison authorities reportedly confirmed the scheduled execution to Ms. Jabbari’s mother and asked her to go to the prison facility on 30 September 2014 to collect the body. However, Ms. Jabbari’s execution was postponed for 10 days and she was sent back to Gharchak Prison. Ms. Jabbari was the subject of a previous communication sent to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 14 April 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 6/2014.independence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1113 Feb 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32650
03 Oct 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)UAIRN 20/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19254Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and sentencing to 11 years imprisonment of an Iranian-British dual national following a trial that did not comply with international standards. According to the information received, a 75-year-old Iranian-British dual national was arrested on 5 May 2011 by five individuals who identified themselves as “Entezami” officials and detained without charges during 45 days in Evin Prison, Tehran. The five individuals did not show an arrest warrant or provide a reason for the arrest. Two years later, in 2013, the person in question was tried by the Revolutionary Court of Tehran and sentenced to 11 years imprisonment, including eight years for espionage and three years for possessing alcohol at home. The individual was detained several months without charge or trial, with only irregular access to legal counsel and limited contact with family members. Even after having been charged, the individual was not able to grasp the reason for such a detention and trial, and no evidence was reportedly brought against the individual. . Grave concern has been expressed about the individual’s physical and mental integrity. arbitrary DetentionAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1108 Jun 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32114
02 Oct 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 19/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15799Alleged imminent execution of an Iranian national. According to the information received, on 1 October 2014, Mr. Seyyed Hossein Kazemeyni (Ayatollah) Boroujerdi, who was sentenced to 11 years imprisonment in June 2007 on charges of “waging war against God” (Moharebeh) and acting against national security, was transferred to an unknown location by prison authorities for his imminent execution. Reportedly, his family was not informed of his transfer or the planned execution. Prior to the transfer, on 23 September 2014, the Prosecutor of the Special Clerical Court had allegedly threatened Mr. Boroujerdi with execution for the contents of his new book, which he considered heretical. It is further alleged that the threat of execution may also have been triggered by Mr. Boroujerdi’s open letter to the United Nations Secretary General published on 22 September 2014. Mr. Boroujerdi was the subject of a previous communication sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013.freedom of opinion and expressionreligion or beliefexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific0109 Feb 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32733
19 Sep 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 18/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19685Imprisonment and alleged deteriorating health condition of a human rights activist in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, on 15 January 2014, Mr. Heshmatollah Tabarzadi was arrested to serve the remainder of an eight-year prison sentence for propaganda against the Government, congregation and mutiny with intent to act against national security, insulting the Supreme Leader and the President, and disrupting public order. Mr. Tabarzadi reportedly suffers from diabetes and high blood pressure and concerns are raised that these health conditions are reportedly deteriorating due to his prison confinement.freedom of opinion and expressionhealthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1127 Apr 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32732
20 Aug 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 17/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15688Alleged desecration of an old Bahá’í cemetery in Shiraz, Iran. According to the information received, at the beginning of August 2014, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards in Fars Province restarted construction work on the cemetery, which led to the dumping of the remains of those who were disinterred in a trench. Concerns are raised at a series of actions by the Iranian authorities, which appear to be motivated by religious discrimination against the Baha’i community through restricting their fundamental human rights to freedom of observance and practice of one’s religion or belief, including those in connection with such important rituals associated with life and death. The desecration of the cemetery was the subject of a previous communication sent on 8 May 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. 8/2014.religion or beliefminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific0115 Jan 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32093
06 Aug 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 16/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15796Alleged arbitrary detention, ill-treatment, violation of fair trial and due process guarantees, capital sentence for an offense that does not meet the threshold of the most serious crime standards. According to information received, Mr. Arzhang Davoodi was allowed less than an hour to provide his defense to the charge of “enmity against God”. His defense was then transmitted to the Revolutionary Court of Karaj, which sentenced him to death for the offense, in a hearing which reportedly neither he nor his lawyer was present. Since his imprisonment in 2003, he has reportedly been subject to ill-treatment and torture. He was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 18 June 2008. Mr. Jason Rezaian, Ms. Yaganeh Salehi, and two unknown journalists were detained on 22 July 2014. The government has confirmed the detention; however the reasons for their arrests have not been released.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3218 Dec 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3224822 Jan 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32249
23 Jul 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 15/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19157Alleged risk of imminent execution of a juvenile offender in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, in October 2010, Mr. Rasoul Holoumi was sentenced to death under “qesas” (“retribution in kind”) for a crime that he committed when he was below the age of 18. He was summoned and arrested in September 2009 after being accused of killing another man during a fight involving multiple people, including minors. Mr. Holoumi reportedly had no access to a lawyer during the investigation and concerns about access to a fair trial remain.executionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
21 Jul 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 14/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19835Alleged arrest, imprisonment and denial of medical care to journalists and human rights activists in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, during the months of June and July 2014, a number of prominent journalists, women’s rights activists, a filmmaker and a blogger critical of the Government were arrested, charged and imprisoned for what appears to be the exercise of their rights to freedom of opinion and expression, and of peaceful assembly and association. Ms. Mahnaz Mohammadi and Mr. Mehdi Khazali were arrested, Ms. Reyhane Tabatabaie and Ms. Marzieh Rasouli were summoned to prison to serve their prison term, and Mr. Mashaollah Shamsolvaeizan was charged with propaganda against the State for having given interviews and speeches. Mr. Mashaollah Shamsolvaeizan was released after posting bail, whereas Mr. Khazali was released on health grounds. Ms. Mohammadi was the subject of two earlier communications sent on 7 March 2007, see A/HRC/7/14/Add.1, Para. 276, and 8 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. IRN 9/2011. Ms. Rasouli was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 16 February 2012, see A/HRC/20/30, case no. IRN 1/2012.healthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationwomen in law and in practiceIslamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstortureviolence against womenAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific50
15 Jul 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 12/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19867Alleged arbitrary detention and ill-treatment of, and denial and inadequate provision of medical care to, individuals for their involvement in human rights activities; alleged acts of reprisals against individuals for cooperating with the United Nations Human Rights Council. According to the information received, a number of human rights and labour rights activists, and trade unionists were subjected to acts of reprisals, judicial harassment, arbitrary detention, and ill-treatment while in detention, as well as denial of medical care for their involvement in human rights activities. Mr. Hadi Esmaeilzadeh was convicted of “assembly and collusion with intent to commit anti-security crimes” and of “spreading propaganda against the State” for his involvement with the Defenders of Human Rights Centre (DHRC), a non-governmental organization, and allegedly sending monthly DHRC reports to human rights organizations and the United Nations Human Rights Council; Messrs. Reza Shahabi Zakaria, Shahrokh Zamani, Mohammad Jarrahi and Mohammad Molanaei have been denied urgent medical care; and Mr. Saeed Shirzad has been denied access to a lawyer and has been barred from having contacts with his family since his arrest on 2 June 2014. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyershealthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific7107 Jan 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=30998
14 Jul 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 13/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19156Alleged arbitrary detention and infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees of 33 Kurdish men; and allegations of inhumane treatment and denial of urgent medical treatment in detention. According to the information received, between 2009 and 2010, 33 Kurdish men, including one minor, were arrested by Iranian officials in Kurdistan. They were convicted of several national security offenses. Four of them, Messrs. Hamed Ahmadi, Jameshed Dehghani, Jahangir Dehghani and Komal Molaye, were reportedly sentenced to death following a summary trial without the presence of a lawyer and subjected to both physical and psychological torture while in detention. The Supreme Court upheld their death sentences in September 2013 as well as those of four others of the group of 33 Kurdish men - Seyed Jamal Mousavi, Abdorahman Sangani, Sedigh Mohammadi and Seyed Hadi Hosseini. The other 25 men remain on death row pending review by the Supreme Court. Messrs. Hamed Ahmadi, Jameshed Dehghani, Jahangir Dehghani and Komal Molaye were the subject of a previous communication sent on 17 June 2014, A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 10/2014.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionindependence of judges and lawyersreligion or beliefexecutionstorturehealthminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
03 Jul 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 11/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19764Alleged risk of imminent execution of a young woman, after being sentenced to death under “qesas” (“retribution-in-kind”) for killing her husband in 2010. According to the information received, Branch 17 of the Criminal Court in Ahvaz convicted Ms. Razieh Ebrahimi for murder in 2010 and sentenced her to death. Her execution was reportedly due to be implemented several months ago, but was halted after she told the authorities that she had committed the crime when she was 17 years old. A subsequent appeal by the legal counsel of Ms. Ebrahimi to the Supreme Court of Iran, on the grounds that she was a minor at the time of the crime and did not understand the consequences of her actions, was unsuccessful. Ms. Ebrahimi had been forced to marry at the age of 14 and allegedly “snapped” and killed her husband after suffering years of abuse, both physically and psychologically, by him. independence of judges and lawyersexecutionsviolence against womenwomen in law and in practiceIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1130 Sep 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32729
17 Jun 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 10/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19756Alleged imminent execution of four Kurdish men sentenced to death on charges of Moharebeh (enmity against God) and Ifsad filarz (corruption on earth). According to the information received, Messrs’ Kamal Malaie, Jahangir Dehghani, Jamshed Dehghani and Hamed Ahmadi, belonging to the Kurdish minority of Sunni Muslim faith, were arrested in 2009 and reportedly subjected to torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and forced to confess to their involvement in the assassination of a senior Sunny cleric. They were also reportedly denied access to a lawyer before and during their trials. On 13 June 2014, the families of the four men were reportedly allowed to visit them in Ghezal Hesar prison for the last time before the execution of their sentences. On 16 June 2014, the families were again given a meeting with the four men, in what appears to be a final visit before their execution.arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific40
11 Jun 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 9/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19815Alleged acts of reprisal in the form of ill-treatment of six human rights defenders and other detainees in Evin prison. According to the information received, on 17 April 2014, Messrs’ Behrouzi, Ebrahimzadeh, Kabudvand, Matinpour, Ronaghi-Maleki and Soltani, along with other detainees, were beaten in Ward 350 of Evin prison by prison guards and transferred to solitary confinement. Mr. Soltani was returned to his cell on 19 April 2014. Messrs’ Behrouzi, Ebrahimzadeh, Matinpour and Ronaghi-Maleki were returned to Ward 350 on 1 May 2014. Mr. Kabudvand was kept at the Evin prison clinic from 20 April until he was returned to his cell on 5 May 2014. Mr. Ebrahimzadeh was summoned to the Prosecutor’s Office on 3 May 2014 and his current whereabouts are unknown. Grave concern is expressed that the ill-treatment of the detainees in Evin prison might constitute reprisals due to the engagement of some of them with the United Nations and its human rights mechanisms. Messrs’ Behrouzi, Kabudvand, Matinpour, Ronaghi-Maleki and Soltani have been the subject of several previous communications, two of which were most recently sent on 11 September 2013, see A/HRC/26/74, case no. IRN 15/2013 and on 17 April 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 7/2014.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstorturedisappearancesfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific60
08 May 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=20206Allegations of imminent risk of desecration of an old Bahá’í cemetery in Shiraz, Iran. According to the information received, at the end of April 2014, a land plot in Shiraz, where an old Bahá’í cemetery is located, was turned into a construction site, possibly leading to the destruction of the cemetery. Reportedly, the cemetery is of religious and cultural value for local Bahá’ís, and although it can no longer be used for burials, it remains a site for praying and for paying respect to the memory of the deceased. Numerous requests were made by the local Bahá’í community to spare the parts of the plot of land where the cemetery is located, either through letters or repeated visits to various authorities, to no avail. An administrative order to halt the construction work was issued by the local department on Planning of Town and Public Spaces, but it was ignored and construction work nevertheless began. Concerns are raised at a series of actions by the Iranian authorities, which appear to be motivated by religious discrimination against the Baha’i community through restricting their fundamental human rights to freedom of observance and practice of religion or belief.religion or beliefminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific0115 Jan 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32242
17 Apr 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19953Alleged deteriorating physical health of three human rights activists due to denial of medical care in detention. According to the information received, Mr. Abdolfattah Soltani, co-founder of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre, Ms. Maryam Shafipour, a student activist and supporter of the 2009 Green Movement election campaign, and Mr. Shahrokh Zamani, member of the Committee to set up Free Labour Organizations, are facing critical health problems while serving their prison sentences, which require urgent medical treatment. Mr. Soltani and Ms. Shafipour have reportedly been denied medical treatment outside prison despite repeated requests and worsening health conditions. Mr. Zamani, who has been on a hunger strike since 8 March 2014, has reportedly lost 20 kilograms in weight. Ms. Shafipour has been the subject of an earlier communication sent on 11 March 2014, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. IRN 2/2014. Mr. Soltani has been the subject of 14 previous communications of which the most recent were sent on 29 June 2012, see A/HRC/22/67/Corr.2, case no. IRN 14/2012; on 27 March 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. 5/2012; and on 27/09/2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. IRN 11/2011. arbitrary Detentionhuman rights defendershealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific30
14 Apr 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19380Alleged risk of imminent execution in violation of international human rights law. According to the information received, Ms. Rayhaneh Jabbari is at risk of imminent execution by hanging after being convicted of murdering Mr. Morteza Abdolali Sarbandi, a physician and member of the Iranian intelligence services, who allegedly attempted to rape her on 7 July 2007. Ms. Jabbari was arrested on 8 July 2007 and has since then been held in Evin prison in Tehran. She was allegedly tortured until she confessed to the murder. During the trial against her, the defendant reportedly claimed that the killing occurred in self-defence. Ms. Jabbari was reportedly not allowed to be assisted by a lawyer of her own choosing. The first-instance court sentenced her to death, which was later upheld by the Supreme Court.arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
31 Mar 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15815Alleged risk of imminent executions in contravention of international standards. According to the information received, Mr. Ali Chebeishat and Mr. Sayed Khaled Mousawi, both members of the Ahwazi Arab minority community in the Islamic Republic of Iran, are at risk of imminent execution. After their arrest on 10 November 2012 along with Mr. Salman Chayan, both individuals were sentenced to death by the Ahwaz Revolutionary Court on charges of Moharebeh (enmity against God) for their alleged roles in the explosions of a gas pipeline and a train transporting oil in October 2012, which is not in violation of the most serious crimes provision under international law. All three defendants were reportedly held in incommunicado detention, tortured and forced to confess, as well as denied access to a lawyer. On 18 March 2014, their families were reportedly informed about the defendants’ transfer from Dezful Prison to an undisclosed location, in preparation for their executions.arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3121 Aug 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32427
24 Mar 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 4/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16558Alleged denial of medical treatment by prison authorities of a blogger who has been imprisoned since 2010. According to the information received, Mr. Mohammed Reza Pourshajari, also known by his pen name Siamak Mehr, faces a very high risk of dying in detention after having had a heart attack and suffering from prostate disease, kidney stones, high sugar levels, disc problems, breathing problems and high blood pressure. Mr. Pourshajari has reportedly been denied access to life-saving medical treatment including heart surgery and prison authorities have allegedly prevented doctors from performing an angiogram requested by prison doctors and also denied his request for furlough to seek medical assistance outside prison. Prison physicians have reportedly determined that he is not fit to serve his sentence and is in urgent need of specialized medical treatment. Mr. Pourshajari was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013.freedom of opinion and expressiontorturehealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1230 Jun 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3160821 Apr 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31609
11 Mar 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 3/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15805Alleged forced closure of the newspaper Aseman and the arrest of information technology activists. According to the information received, on 21 February 2014, Tehran media court closed the reformist daily Aseman (Sky) for publishing an article on 18 February 2014, in which a university lecturer criticized qisas (retribution in kind) punishment. On 3 December 2013, authorities also arrested 16 Information Technology activists in Kerman, including Messrs’ Aliasghar Honarmand, Abbas Vahedi, Hossein Nozari, Reza Nozari, Amir Sadeghpour, Mehdi Faryabi, Ehsan Paknejad and Ms. Malieh Nakhei. Of the 16 persons arrested, seven worked for the tech website Narenji.ir and were accused of being in contact with enemy media. Since their arrest, the detainees have been kept in solitary confinement, have had no access to a lawyer and have been subjected to psychological pressure. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific8105 Jun 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32769
11 Mar 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 2/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19686Alleged arrest, detention and sentencing to seven years in prison of a student and women’s rights activist. According to the information received, Ms. Maryam Shafipour, a Qazvin University student, was arrested on 27 July 2013. Following her arrest, Ms. Shafipour reportedly spent over two months in solitary confinement and without access to a lawyer. On 2 March 2014, she was sentenced to seven years in prison on charges of “spreading propaganda against the system”, “assembly and collusion against national security”, and “membership of the Advocacy Council for the Right to Education”. Grave concerns are expressed that Ms. Shafipour might have been targeted due to her peaceful and legitimate activities as a student women’s rights activist. Further concerns are expressed about her treatment while in detention and that she was denied access to a lawyer.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyersviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
28 Feb 2014Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 1/2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19727Alleged risk of imminent executions in violation of international human rights law. According to the information received, Mr. Rouhollah Tavani was sentenced to death under charges of “Sabb Al-Nabi” (insults to the Prophet of Islam or other Great Prophets), for allegedly insulting the Holy Prophet and producing alcoholic beverages, which does not constitute “most serious crimes” under international law. Furthermore, Mr. Tavani reportedly suffers from psychosocial disabilities. In a second case, Ms. Farzaneh Moradi was scheduled to be executed on 1 February 2014 for the alleged murder of her husband. Ms. Moradi’s execution was postponed for one month, reportedly due to a lack of evidence that she was the perpetrator of the crime. Concern is expressed about the inadequate examination during the proceedings of the personal circumstances of Ms. Moradi, including the fact that she was a victim of forced and early marriage. Further concerns are expressed in respect of the lack of fair trial guarantees in both cases. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionexecutionstortureviolence against womenIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2204 Aug 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3189629 Sep 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31895
30 Dec 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 25/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16551Alleged execution in secret of four ethnic Arab men from Ahvaz, who were facing the death penalty. According to the information received, Mr. Ghazi Abasi, Mr. Abdolreza Amir Khanafereh, Mr. Abdolamir Mojadami and Mr. Jasem Moghadam Panah, were sentenced to death on charges of Mahrebeh (enmity against God) and Ifsad fil-arz (corruption on earth), in relation to alleged shootings that resulted in the deaths of a police officer and a soldier. The four men denied any involvement in the shootings and stated that their confessions were obtained under severe torture and other ill-treatment. An appeal was reportedly still outstanding when the execution was carried out. On 2 December 2013, officials from the Ministry of Intelligence informed the families of the four men about their execution. Neither the family nor the lawyer of the four men had received notification prior to the execution.independence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific4115 Jun 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32765
30 Dec 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 24/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19874Alleged torture, denial of medical treatment and consequential deteriorating health of a Kurdish political prisoner. According to the information received, on 22 December 2009, Mr. Zanyar Moradi was convicted and sentenced to death, together with his brother, on charges of “moharebeh” (enmity against God) for the murder of Marivan Friday Imam’s son. Mr. Moradi refused to accept the charges and in 2012 published a letter on the psychological and physical torture he endured at the Sanandaj Intelligence Office Detention Center and the false confessions he made because of it. Reportedly, Mr. Moradi is detained at the Rajaei Prison in Karaj, and as a result of torture by intelligence officers, is suffering from a fracture of his lumbar vertebrae (spine) and severe chest pain due to a broken rib. Prison and security officials have allegedly prevented his transfer to a hospital and denied him medical attention, on the ground that Mr. Moradi must personally cover his hospital and operation costs. torturehealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
28 Nov 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 20/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16136Allegations concerning legislation which discriminates against women and girls, including provisions allowing for child marriage, including between a child and legal guardian, and polygamy. According to the information received, article 1401 of the Civil Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran provides for marriage of girls at 13 years; the 2013 Family Protection Law of the Islamic Republic of Iran reportedly allows for two types of marriage contracts, full or temporary, and polygamy is also legal under this law. Furthermore, on 22 September 2013, the Islamic Consultative Assembly reportedly ratified the “Unsupervised or III Supervised Children and Youth Protection Bill”, Article 27 of which allows for a marriage between a child and his/her legal guardian in circumstances where a child “has reached maturity / puberty” and “marriage with the guardian would be in the best interests of the child”.religion or beliefsale of childrenviolence against womenhealthslaverywomen in law and in practiceIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific0114 Feb 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32623
28 Nov 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 21/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19688Alleged executions of individuals belonging to minority groups in violation of international human rights law. According to the information received, on 26 October 2013, 16 individuals of Baloch origin were executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran “in response” to the killing of 14 border guards the day before. It was publicly announced that those executed were Messrs Nazar Mullazahi, Mehrollah Raigi Maherniya, Abdul Wahab Rigi, Habibollah Raiginezad Shoraki, Saeed Naroyi, Hamid Wakalat, Soleiman Miayi, Ahmad Behrami Zahi, Azam Gorgaij, Dawood Mir Baloch Zahi, Hasan Rezai, Habib Totazahi, Nasser Shabakhsh, Ahmad Dehmorda, Hossein Barahowi and Najibullah Bahadori. There is no proof linking any of those executed on 26 October 2013, to the killings of the border guards on 25 October 2013. Furthermore, Messrs Reza Esmaili and Habibollah Golparipour (or Gholpari-poor), as well as Mr Shirkoo (or Sherko) Moarefi, who were members of the Kurdish minority, were also reportedly executed on 26 October 2013 and 4 November 2013, respectively, after proceedings that did not comply with fair trial and due process standards. All individuals executed were allegedly sentenced to death for crimes which do not constitute “most serious crime” under international law. Messrs Golparipour and Moarefi were the subjects of previous communications, dated 26 March 2012 (A/HRC/21/49), 26 May 2011 (A/HRC/18/51) and 13 October 2009 (A/HRC/14/24/Add.1).executionstortureminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific19224 Jan 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3235025 Feb 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32351
18 Nov 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 22/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15767Alleged sentencing to six years of imprisonment of a human rights lawyer. Mr Mohammad Seifzadeh, a human rights lawyer and co-founder of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre (DHRC) was allegedly sentenced to six years’ imprisonment on charges of “collusion to take action against the national security” and “spreading propaganda against the system” on 20 February 2013. Branch 54 of the Appeals Court allegedly upheld this sentence in late September 2013. It is reported that the health of Mr Seifzadeh has deteriorated significantly while in detention. Mr Seifzadeh has been the subject of two urgent appeals dated 30 September 2010 and 12 November 2010 (A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, paras. 1261-1264 /1267-1271). freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyershealthfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
15 Nov 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 23/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19872Alleged risk of imminent execution in violation of international human rights law. According to the information received, Messrs Zaniar Moradi (or Zanyar Moradee) and Loghman Moradi (or Loqman Moradee), both members of the Kurdish community, at the time of writing were at risk of imminent execution. Messrs Zaniar Moradi and Loghman Moradi were the subject of three previous communications dated 15 November 2011 (A/HRC/19/44), 29 February 2012 (A/HRC/20/30) and 9 January 2013 (A/HRC/23/51), where it was alleged that the defendants had been subjected to torture and were forced to confess. The Government’s replies on their cases confirmed the sentences to death against Messrs Zaniar Moradi and Loghman Moradi, without providing details on how the imposition of the death penalty in these cases complied with international human rights law standards. The new information alleged in the current follow-up communication contains details of the allegations of torture against the defendants, as well as new allegations of violations of fair trial standards.arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2120 May 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32492
11 Oct 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 18/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16202Alleged risk of imminent execution of an Ahwazi Arab after torture and proceedings that did not comply with international standards regarding fair trial. According to the information received, in September 20103 Mr Ghazi Abbasi, member of the Ahwazi Arab minority, was transferred from his cell to solitary confinement in Karoun prison in Khuzestan. Allegedly, at the time of writing Mr Ghazi Abbasi’s execution might be imminent given the reported practice in the Islamic Republic of Iran to transfer defendants to solitary confinement before the implementation of their death sentences. Mr Ghazi Abbasi was the subject of a previous communication sent to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 31 July 2013 (A/HRC/25/74), in which serious concerns were expressed regarding his alleged torture and violations of fair trial and due process standards in the proceedings against him.executionstortureminority issuesIslamic Republic of Iranarbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
07 Oct 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 17/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15687Alleged killing of a Baha’i. According to the information received, on 24 August 2013, Mr Ataollah Rezvani, a member of the Baha’i religious minority in the Islamic Republic of Iran, was shot in the back of the head by an unknown person. His body was reportedly found in his car, near the railway station on the outskirts of the city of Bandar Abbas. It is alleged that Mr Rezvani may have been killed because of his religion. Reportedly, he had received threats and been intimidated previously on the basis of his religious belief.religion or beliefexecutionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1117 Dec 2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31242
26 Sep 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 16/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15685Alleged imminent execution of four Kurdish men after trials that did not comply with international standards. According to the information received, Messrs Kamal Malaie, Jahangir Dehghani, Jamshed Dehghani and Hamed Ahmadi, were accused of involvement in the assassination of a senior Sunni cleric, and sentenced to death on charges of Moharebeh (enmity against God) and Ifsad filarz (corruption on earth). The four men belonging to the Kurdish minority of Sunni Muslim faith were arrested in 2009 and reportedly subjected to torture and other ill-treatment while in detention. They were forced to confess and sign papers without being allowed to read them. They were also reportedly denied access to a lawyer before and during their trials. Officials from the Ghezal Hesar Prison, where they were reportedly being held at the time of writing, informed the four men that their execution was imminent and would be carried out soon.arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific40
11 Sep 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 15/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15578Alleged denial of medical treatment. According to the information received, Mr Hossein Ronaghi Maleki, an internet blogger and political activist, currently serving a 15-years prison sentence, has been on hunger strike since 9 August 2013. He has been denied proper medical treatment. His mother has also been on hunger strike since 20 August 2013. Mr Maleki’s situation is particularly precarious, as he suffers from serious kidney illness, bladder inflammation and heart problems, which he developed during his prolonged solitary confinement and alleged torture. Mr Maleki’s case has been the subject of a previous communication sent on 6 June 2012 (A/HRC/22/67), to which the authorities, at the time of transmission of this communication, had not responded. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1112 Dec 2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31670
26 Aug 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 14/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19732Alleged imminent risk of execution after proceedings that did not comply with international standards concerning the right to fair trial. According to the information received, Messrs Hadi Rashedi and Hashem Sha’bani Amouri, members of the Ahwazi Arab minority, were recently transferred from Karoon Prison to an unknown location where they face a very high risk of imminent execution. In January 2013, Branch 32 of the Iranian Supreme Court reportedly confirmed their death sentences on charges of “enmity against God”, “corruption on earth”, and “acting against national security”, along with those of Messrs Mohammad Ali Amouri, Seyed Jaber Alboshoka and Seyed Mokhtar Alboshoka. The proceedings against the defendants allegedly saw serious violations of the right to fair trial, including confessions extracted under torture. Messrs Hashem Sha’bani Amouri, Hadi Rashedi, Mohammad Ali Amouri, Sayed Jaber Alboshoka, and Sayed Mokhtar Alboshoka were subjects of previous communications dated 31 July 2012 (A/HRC/22/67) and 25 January 2013 (A/HRC/23/51).arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific5129 Sep 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32232
22 Aug 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 13/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15577Alleged imminent execution and grave threats to the health of Dr Mohammad Ali Taheri. According to the information received, Dr Taheri, doctor and author of alternative medicine theories, was reportedly arrested on 4 May 2011, subjected to solitary confinement, torture, and mock executions, and deprived of the possibility of contacting a lawyer. In October 2011, he was allegedly convicted to seven years’ imprisonment, seventy-four lashes, and a fine of nine billion and one hundred million rials, for the crimes of apostasy (irtidad), threat against national security, offense against sacred Islamic beliefs, and spreading corruption on Earth (mufsid fil-ard). On 12 July 2013, Dr Taheri reportedly started his ninth hunger strike, which is still on-going. On 8 August 2013, Dr Taheri’s close family members were reportedly informed by officials of Evin Prison, where he is detained, that a death verdict had been rendered against him and that he would soon be executed. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionindependence of judges and lawyersreligion or belieftortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1112 Feb 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32038
31 Jul 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 12/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19767Alleged imminent risk of executions after proceedings that did not comply with international standards on fair trial and due process guarantees, as well as torture while in detention. According to the information received, Messrs Ghazi Abbasi, Abdul-Reza Amir-Khanafereh, Abdul-Amir Mojaddami, and Jasim Moghaddam Payam, members of the Ahwazi Arab minority, are at risk of imminent execution. On 15 August 2012, the Revolutionary Court of Ahwaz reportedly sentenced them to death on charges of moharebeh and ifsad fil-arz. In addition, Messrs Shahab Abbasi, Sami Jadmavinejad, and Hadi Albokhanfarnejad, also Ahwazi Arabs, were sentenced to three years in prison. All the accused were reportedly held in incommunicado pre-trial detention for months, subjected to torture and ill-treatment for the purpose of extracting confessions, and denied full access to a defence lawyer. Their trial took place behind closed doors, and some members of their families were allegedly harassed and detained.arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific6115 Jun 2015https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31361
10 Jul 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 11/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19865Alleged death in custody of Mr Afshin Osanlou and ongoing detention of a number of others. According to the information received, Mr Afshin Osanlou, a trade unionist, who was serving a five-year sentence reportedly died from a heart attack in prison on 20 June 2013. His family was not informed of his death until 22 June 2013, although they had inquired about this whereabouts. Messrs Pastor Behnam Irani, Pastor Saeed Abedini, Ayatollah Hossein, Ghazi Heidari, Houtan Kian and Mohammad Reza Pourshajari and Ayatollah Hossein Kazemeyni Boroujerdi, all allegedly detained for their religious beliefs or for expressing their opinions, reportedly all face a high risk of dying in detention and are all in urgent need of medical attention. freedom of opinion and expressionreligion or belieftorturehealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific7128 Feb 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31980
05 Jul 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 10/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19547Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Messrs. Khosro Kordpour, Massoud Kordpour, Ms Jamileh Karimi, Messrs. Ashkan Zahabian, Afshin Keshtkari and Mahmoud Beheshti Langroudi, in the lead to the President elections of 14 June 2013. According to the information received, Messrs Khosro and Massoud Kordpour, both journalists, were arrested in early March by officials from the Ministry of Intelligence. At the time of writing, they were allegedly held in a Revolutionary Guards detention center in Orumiyeh. Political and student activists, Ms Karimi, and Messrs. Zahabian and Keshtkari were also arrested by security forces on 10 April, 27 May and 18 May 2013 respectively. Furthermore, Mr Mahmoud Beheshti Langroudi, a former speaker of the Iran Teachers’ Trade Association, was allegedly arrested in April 2010 and convicted to five years in prison on charges of gathering and colluding against the national security and spreading propaganda against the system on 28 May 2013.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstorturefreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific6118 Dec 2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32340
28 Jun 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 9/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15945Allegations concerning the revised Islamic Penal Code which provides for the use of the death penalty for some non-violent acts and discriminates against women and religious minorities. According to the information received, the revised Islamic Penal Code (IPC), which was approved by the Parliament and subsequently signed by the President on 1 June 2013, provides for the use of the death penalty for some non-violent acts and discriminates against women and religious minorities. It retains stoning as punishment and provides for the death penalty for sodomy for the non-Muslim party in same-sex relations; insulting the Prophet Mohammad; possessing or selling illicit drugs;, theft for the fourth time; Moharebeh (enmity against God) and Fisad-fil-arz (corruption on earth). The Code also incorporates diverse corporal punishments inter alia, amputation, flogging and crucifixion.religion or beliefexecutionstortureviolence against womenwomen in law and in practiceIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
11 Jun 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16192Alleged threats against the Central Assembly of God (AOG) Church in Tehran and harassment of its members. The security forces allegedly threatened the church with closure if it did not cease all its services in Farsi. During the week of 21 May 2013, authorities reportedly interrogated for five hours Pastor Vartan Avanessian, former superintendent of Iran’s AOG churches. On the same day, authorities allegedly raided Pastor Asserian’s house and confiscated some of his belongings, including computer equipment and books. They reportedly arrested him while he was leading a prayer meeting at the church. Prior to his arrest, on 23 December 2011, the police had arrested four other leaders of AOG Church in Ahwaz, including Pastor Farhad Sabokrouh, his wife Shahnaz Jeizan, Minister Naser Zamen Dezfuli, and Minister Davoud Alijani.arbitrary Detentionreligion or beliefminority issuesfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific40
16 Apr 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15943Alleged deteriorating state of health of two men on hunger strike. According to the information received, Mr Kasra Nouri and Mr Saleheldin Moradi, both members of the Nematollahi Gonabadi Dervish religious order, have been on hunger strike since 16 January 2013, having switched to a dry hunger strike on 21 March 2013. They are reportedly in poor physical condition and have lost approximately 35 kilograms in weight, are experiencing difficulty talking and seeing and their nails have blackened due to malnutrition. They have also reportedly been subject to forced feeding by officials from the prison as well as the Ministry of Intelligence. Both are allegedly currently receiving fluids through intravenous drip. Mr Nouri was reportedly recently severely beaten in a facility run by Ministry of Intelligence. arbitrary Detentionreligion or beliefminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2103 Feb 2014https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31443
31 Jan 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22462Alleged arrest and detention of 15 journalists and arrest warrants issued for at least a further three. According to the information received, on 26 January 2013, journalist Mr. Milad Fadai Asl, the political editor of the Iranian Labour News Agency (ILNA), and Mr. Soleyman Mohammadi, a reporter and editor working for the Bahar daily newspaper were arrested and reportedly taken to Evin prison. On 27 January 2013, plain-clothes intelligence ministry officials simultaneously entered the offices of five newspapers, and arrested ten journalists: Mr. Akbar Montajebi (Aseman Weekly); Ms. Emily Amraei (Bahar); Ms. Motahareh Shafie and Ms. Narges Joudaki (Arman); Mr. Pouria Alemi and Mr. Pejman Mousavi (Shargh); Mr. Sassan Aghaei, Mr. Javad Deliri and Ms. Nasrin Takhiri and Ms. Saba Azarpeik (Etemad). They also searched and videotaped the premises of the news outlets. At the time of sending the communication, the journalists were held at an unknown location. Ms Motahareh Shafie was released on 28 January 2013, after 24 hours of arrest. On 28 January 2013, Mr. Keyvan Mehrgan (Shargh); and Mr. Hossein Taghchi were arrested. On 30 January 2013 Mr. Ali Deghan, the economic editor of Bahar daily was also arrested. Authorities have reportedly also issued arrest warrants for at least three other journalists: Mr. Sadra Mohaghegh, a reporter for Shargh; Ms. Reihaneh Tabatabei, a reporter for Bahar; and Mr. Ehsan Mazandarani, a reporter for Etemad. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific180
28 Jan 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 4/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19809Alleged detention and attacks against a Christian on allegations of committing “actions against the national security of Iran”. According to the information received, on 26 September 2012, Mr. Saeed Abedinigalangashi, an Iranian-US citizen, was arrested in the Islamic Republic of Iran before catching a flight back to the United States of America, where he resides. He has been held in Evin prison, Iran, ever since. His lawyer was denied access to the detainee and his file, and no information was provided about the charges brought against him. On 14 January 2012, his lawyer was reportedly informed that Mr. Abedinigalangashi’s trial would start on 21 January 2013, and allowed access to his file. Mr. Abedinigalangashi has allegedly been held in solitary confinement for four weeks and subjected to beating while in prison. Mr Abedinigalangashi was previously summoned to court in 2005 on account of his religious activity and was detained in 2009. He was released after agreeing to cease his involvement with the ‘house churches”. arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersreligion or belieftortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
25 Jan 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16327Alleged imminent execution of five representatives of the Ahwazi Arab minority. According to the information received, Messrs. Mohammad Ali Amouri, Sayed Jaber Alboshoka, Sayed Mokhtar Alboshoka, Hashem Sha’bani Amouri, and Hadi Rashidi (or Rashedi), all representatives of the Ahwazi Arab minority, who were subject to a previous communication on 31 July 2012 (A/HRC/22/67, IRN 19/2012), have had their death sentences upheld by the Supreme Court and the verdicts have been sent to the Office for the Implementation of Sentences. The location of the individuals was unknown to their families. They have reportedly been sentenced under terrorism-related charges, including moharebeh (“enmity against God”), efsad-e fel arz (“sowing corruption on earth”), “gathering and colluding against State security” and “spreading propaganda against the system”, which are not considered as most serious crimes under international law, following a trial that allegedly did not comply with international human rights law provisions of fair trial and due process. freedom of opinion and expressionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureterrorismminority issuesfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific50
22 Jan 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 29/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19258Alleged lack of adequate housing for a large number of victims of an earthquake that shook north-western Iran on 11 August 2012. According to the information received, a large number of people still lived under tents over four months after an earthquake shook north-western Iran, East Azerbaijan province, on 11 August 2012. At least 399 villages were affected by the earthquake. Over 100,000 persons - mostly ethnic Azerbaijani Turks - were reportedly offered shelter in the weeks following the earthquake. As winter settled, many of those affected were reportedly still living under tents, unprotected from the cold. The extent of Government support to those affected, in particular housing reconstruction, is unclear and has been reported to be slow.internally displaced personshousingminority issuesAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific00
21 Jan 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 3/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=22447Alleged continued harassment of a woman human rights defender, including a summons received to start serving her prison sentence received for demanding justice to victims. According to information received, Ms. Mansoureh Behkish, a netizen, and founder and spokesperson of the Mourning Mothers (Madaran-e Azardar) movement was ordered to report to Tehran’s Evin prison on 29 January 2013, to begin serving a six-month prison sentence. She was sentenced by a Tehran revolutionary court in December 2011 to four-and-a half years in prison on charges of ‘anti-government propaganda’ and ‘activities threatening national security’. The sentence was reduced on appeal to six months regarding the anti-government propaganda charge and Ms. Behkish received a suspended sentence of three-and-a-half years for activities threatening national security. On 12 June 2011, Ms. Behkish was arrested by security agents in a street of Tehran and subsequently transferred to section 209 of Evin Prison, where she had been detained for a month. Previously, Ms Behkish had been arrested along with 33 other members of Mourning Mothers on 9 January 2010 while demonstrating in Laleh Park. arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
16 Jan 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 2/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15911Alleged imprisonment for releasing songs critical of the Government. According to the information received, Mr. Arya (Mohammad) Aramnejad, who already served a six-month prison sentence in 2011–2012, was convicted again in January 2012 for “propaganda against the state system”. He was allegedly imprisoned at the Babol prison (Mari Kala Babol), where he was to serve a 91 day prison term.freedom of opinion and expressioncultural rightsAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
09 Jan 2013Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 1/2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19864Alleged imminent execution of members of the Kurdish community. According to the information received, Mr. Zaneyar Moradee and Mr. Loghmun Moradee were sentenced to death on charges of “enmity against God” (moharebeh) and “corruption on earth” (Fisad-fil-Arz) for allegedly murdering the son of a senior cleric in Marivan, Kordestan province in July 2009. In addition they were also convicted of participating in armed activities of Komala, a Kurdish opposition group. Their death penalty was upheld by both the Supreme Court and the court of appeal in 2011. Concerns remain about the alleged due process procedures, forced confession, torture and other physical violence including lashing for the purpose of soliciting confession. The authorities have reportedly notified Marivan Friday Imam of the planned execution and the Prosecutor for Kurdistan reportedly left on 7 January 2012 for Karaj prison to carry out the execution. executionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2112 Aug 2013https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=32151
05 Dec 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 28/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19793Alleged ongoing executions for drug-related crimes, following proceedings that do not comply with international human rights law standards on fair trial and due process guarantees. According to the information received, there was a spike in the number of executions carried out in the Islamic Republic of Iran during the month of November 2012. According to reports, as well as corroboration from Governmental sources in a wide range of cases, the number of executions carried out in the period from 7 to 20 November 2012 is at least 32, and possibly as high as 81. The individuals executed, including Mr. Hamid Gholamy were allegedly sentenced to death for drug-related offences. The majority of the executions carried out since the beginning of the year are alleged to take place following unfair trials, and for drug-related offences, which are not considered as most serious crimes under international human rights law. independence of judges and lawyersexecutionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
16 Nov 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 27/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15914Allegations of torture resulting in death in custody of a blogger. According to the information received on 30 October 2012, Mr. Sattar Beheshti, a 35-year old Iranian citizen, was arrested at his home in Rubat Karim by members believed to be from the Cyber Police forces. It is further reported that Mr. Beheshti maintained an internet blog, entitled My Life for My Iran, where he criticized the Iranian government. It is reported that on 29 October 2012, the day before his arrest, Mr. Beheshti received a written threat. According to allegations, upon his arrest, Mr. Beheshti was briefly held at the Kahrizak detention centre, before being incarcerated in Tehran’s Evin prison. It is further reported that on 1 November 2012, Mr. Beheshti was transferred to an undisclosed location. It is reported that during his time in custody, Mr. Beheshti lodged a complaint against his interrogators with the Evin prison authorities. It is reported that on 6 November 2012, Mr. Beheshti’s family was informed of his death, and instructed to collect his body from the Kahrizak detention facility in Tehran.

freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1213 Nov 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3153704 Dec 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31538
08 Nov 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 26/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19666Allegation of ongoing restriction of freedom of expression by arresting and detaining journalists, and suspending independent media outlets. According to information, Ms Parisa Hafezi, Reuters Tehran bureau chief was found guilty of “spreading lies” and “propaganda” against the regime, after the agency erroneously referred to women’s athletes as Ninja assassins in one of their reports. The agency has also been sued and is faced with charges including “propagating against the Islamic Republic” and “disseminating false information to disturb public opinion.” Moreover, authorities reportedly suspended independent daily Shargh for publishing a cartoon. The cartoonist Mr Hadi Heydari received a judicial summons and the paper's editor, Mr Mehdi Rahmanian, was detained in Evin Prison after being summoned to court for questioning on the same day. On 1 October authorities also entered the offices of Daily Maghreb, and arrested its editor, Mr Mohammad Mehdi Emami NasseriFurthermore, on 26 September 2012, Mr Ali Akbar Javanfekr, the director of the official Iranian News Agency (IRNA) was summoned to serve a six-month prison sentence at Evin Prison for publishing a supplement about the chador on 13 August 2011.freedom of opinion and expressionIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific50
11 Oct 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 25/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=13321Alleged risk of imminent execution after proceedings that did not comply with international human rights law standards on fair trial and due process guarantees, and the most serious crimes provision. According to the information received, Mr. Saeed Sedeghi and ten other individuals, including Mr. Hamid Rabi’i, Mr. Mohammad Ali Rabi’i, Mr. Ali Darvish, and Mr. Abbas Namaki, have been transferred to Evin Prison in Tehran and face imminent execution in this prison. Mr. Sedeghi was the subject of two previous communications (see above, IRN 15/2012 and IRN 21/2012). These communications reported that Mr. Sedeghi allegedly faced the risk of execution after trials that did not comply with international human rights law provisions on fair trial and due process, and for drug offences, which are not considered as most serious crimes under international law. executionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
08 Oct 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 23/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16138Alleged torture and risk of execution for national security related charges. According to the information received, Mr Maziar Ebrahimi, of Kurdish descent, was held incommunicado without access to legal counsel or contact with his family since his apprehension by the Ministry of Intelligence on 12 June 2012. He was allegedly subjected to torture and at risk of facing death penalty.

tortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
08 Oct 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 24/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16139Alleged heavy prison sentence imposed on human rights lawyer. According to the information received, Mr Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent human rights lawyer and activist, was arrested and sentenced to serve nine years imprisonment, coupled with a 10 year ban on practicing his profession. His conviction is believed to be linked to his profession as human rights lawyer. freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersindependence of judges and lawyerstorturefreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
27 Aug 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 22/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15693Alleged risk of execution under charges which are not considered as most serious crimes. According to the information received, Mr. Gholamreza Khosravi Savadjani was scheduled to be executed on 10 September 2012, in the Islamic Repbulic of Iran under the charge of “enmity against God” (moharebeh), which is not considered as most serious crime under international law. It is further alleged that he has been subjected to torture or ill-treatment while in detention.freedom of opinion and expressionexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
07 Aug 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 21/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15766Alleged imposition of the death penalty on an individual for drugs offence. According to the information received, in June 2012, Mr Saeed Sedeghi was sentenced to death for his participation in the purchase and possession of 512 kilograms of methamphetamine. In July 2012 Mr. Sedeghi was brought before Branch 10 of Tehran’s Revolutionary Court, where he was reportedly required to sign a document, apparently informing him that his death sentence was going to be implemented. Moreover, Mr. Sedeghi had previously made an application to the Amnesty and Clemency Commission and he was never formally told of the outcome of this communication. On 1 August 2012, he was transferred from Soroush 111, also known as Tehran’s Kahrizak detention centre, to Ghezel Hesar Prison in Karaj. It is reported that he could be executed at any time in this centre. Mr. Saeed was the subject of a previous communication (see above, IRN 15/2012). executionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
03 Aug 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 20/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16277Alleged denial of access to medical treatment of a pastor in Ghezal Hesar Prison. According to the information received, Pastor Benham Irani was arrested on 31 May 2011, and transferred to Ghezal Hesar Prison where he is currently serving his sentences. Pastor Behnam Irani has allegedly been denied hospital treatment for severe bleeding due to stomach ulcers and complications with his colon that have caused him to lose consciousness temporarily. It was reported that Pastor Irani has received death threats from fellow prisoners and sustained regular beatings from his cell mates and prison authorities. It is reported that as a result of injuries sustained during these assaults, he has difficulty walking. Pastor Irani also has problem with his vision and is in poor health. Pastor Irani was the subject of previous communications (see A/HRC/18/51, IRN 4/2011). arbitrary Detentionreligion or belieftorturehealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
31 Jul 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 19/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19250Alleged torture and risk of imminent execution of five representatives of the Ahwazi Arab minority. According to the information received, Messrs. Mohammad Ali Amouri, Sayed Jaber Alboshoka, Sayed Mokhtar Alboshoka, Hashem Sha’bani Amouri, and Hadi Rashidi (or Rashedi), all representatives of the Ahwazi Arab minority in the Islamic Republic of Iran, have been sentenced to death under terrorism-related charges, including moharebeh (“enmity against God”), efsad-e fel arz (“sowing corruption on earth”), “gathering and colluding against State security” and “spreading propaganda against the system”, which are not considered as most serious crimes under international law. Following a trial that allegedly did not comply with international human rights law provisions of fair trial and due process, they are reported to be at risk of imminent execution. It is further alleged that they have been subjected to torture or ill-treatment. freedom of opinion and expressionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureterrorismminority issuesfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific50
27 Jul 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 18/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16201Alleged ongoing harassment of the family members of a prominent human rights lawyer. According to the information received, Mr Reza Khandan, the husband of Ms Ms Nasrin Sotoudeh, who is currently serving six year prison sentence, and their 12 year old daughter, have been subjected to a travel ban. This is apparently aimed to force Mr Reza to stop campaigning for the release of Ms Sotoudeh.freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific3128 Nov 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=30442
13 Jul 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 17/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19734Alleged imminent execution of a follower of the Ahl-e Haqq faith in Mahabad prison. According to the information received, Mr. Yunes Aghayan, a follower of the Ahl-e Haqq (Yarsan/Yari) faith in the village of Ooch-Tappeh was sentenced to death on the charge of “mohareb” (enmity against God) on the basis of “armed resistance against the Islamic Republic of Iran” for his participation in clashes between the police and followers of his faith. On 20 June 2012, Mr. Yunes Aghayan was reportedly transferred from Orumiyeh Prison to Mahabad Police Headquarters, suggesting that his execution may be imminent. . Allegedly on 23 June 2012, the Head of Mahabad Prison Sentence Enforcement Unit stated that they were awaiting orders from the Supreme Court, and if Mr. Aghayan’s sentence was finalized, the execution would take place over the coming days This case was the subject of an earlier communication (see A/HRC/13/40/Add.1, para 147).religion or beliefexecutionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1126 Sep 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31062
06 Jul 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 16/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19552Alleged death sentence and imminent execution on charges of moharebeh (enmity against God). According to the information received, Mr. Hamid Ghassemi-Shall was sentenced to death on the basis of evidence obtained under duress and without legal representation or assistance during the 18 months in pretrial detention. Mr. Ghassemi-Shall was the subject of an earlier communication (see A/HRC/21/49, case no IRN 9/2012).

executionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
29 Jun 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 14/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16099Alleged heavy imprisonment of human rights lawyer. According to the information received, Mr Abdolfattah Soltani, a prominent human rights lawyer and activist, was sentenced to 13 years in prison and was exiled to the far-flung prison of Borazjan (Boshehr province). His conviction is believed to be linked to his discharging his functions as a human rights lawyer. Moreover, since his imprisonment, Mr Soltani’s wife Massoumeh Dehghan has reportedly been subjected to intimidation and harassment from the Iranian authorities for advocating and giving interviews to journalists about the case of Mr Soltani. Mr. Soltani was the subject of earlier communications (see A/HRC/21/49, case no IRN 5/2012).freedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersfreedom of peaceful assembly and of associationIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1126 Sep 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=33153
26 Jun 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 15/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=13315Alleged imminent risk of execution of two individuals after reported unfair trials. According to the information received, on 29 November 2011, Mr Saeed Sedeghi was arrested in Tehran for drug trafficking. He was held in the Kahrizak detention centre since his arrest where he was reportedly tortured and mistreated. On 26 May 2012, his trial was held in Tehran’s Revolutionary Court, where he was represented by a state-appointed lawyer who allegedly did not have access to Mr Sedeghi’s case file before the proceedings. On 2 June 2012, Mr Sedeghi was sentenced to death. It was feared the death sentence could be carried out at any moment since he had no substantive right to appeal. In addition, Ms Maryam (legal name: Safieh Ghafouri), a 28-year-old woman convicted of murder in 2006, was in imminent danger of being executed in Adel Abad prison in Shiraz. Authorities had reportedly scheduled the execution of Ms Maryam three times already. Most recently she was granted a 10-day stay of execution, which expired on 10 June 2012.executionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2110 Oct 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31060
19 Jun 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 13/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19868Allegations that five members of Ahwazi Arab minority community are at risk of imminent execution. According to the information received, Mr Abd Al-Rahman Heidari, Mr Taha Heidari, Mr Jamshid Heidari, Mr Mansour Heidari and Mr Amir Muawi, all members of one family, were arrested by security forces on 20 April 2011 on charges of killing a law enforcement official. Following the arrests, they were allegedly subjected to torture and coerced to confess to the murder charges. Based on the confession, all five were convicted of Moharebeh (enmity against God) and sentenced to death. The death sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court on 18 March 2012. On 9 June 2012, the prisoners were reportedly transferred to an undisclosed location for the execution of the sentence. Moreover, on 8 June 2012, authorities summoned Mr Jalil Heidari, brother of Mr. Al-Rahman Heidari, Mr. Taha Heidari and Mr. Jamshid Heidari to sign the execution consent. Mr Jalili was reportedly taken into custody and his whereabouts remained unknown.

independence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific50
06 Jun 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 12/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19766Alleged deteriorating state of health of imprisoned blogger. According to the information received, Mr Hossein Ronaghi Maleki was arrested on 13 December 2009 for discussing politics in a series of critical blogs that were blocked by the government. On 15 October 2010, he was sentenced to 15 years in prison on charges of "membership in the Iran Proxy internet group," "propagating against the regime," "insulting the Supreme Leader," and ” the President." The sentence was upheld by the appeal court. He went on hunger strike on 26 May 2012 in protest at the authorities’ refusal to grant him medical leave. Mr Maleki’s state of health reportedly deteriorated since his arrest. Mr Maleki has undergone at least four surgeries and his left kidney has failed, while his right kidney is also reportedly at risk of failure. Despite his deteriorating condition and the need for an immediate medical attention, Mr Maleki was allegedly denied medical leave. freedom of opinion and expressionhealthIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
16 May 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 11/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15760Alleged incommunicado detention, torture, unfair trial and sentence to death for moharebeh. According to the information received, on 26 January 2009, security forces arrested Mr Behrouz Alakhani, a 26 year old Kurdish citizen, on charges of cooperation with the Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK) and participation in the murder of the Khoy Prosecutor. He was held incommunicado for 19 months before his transfer to Orumiyeh Central Prison, and was allegedly subjected to severe psychological and physical torture. During his detention, he was reportedly deprived of access to a lawyer and contacts with family members. In December 2010, Mr Alakhani was brought before Orumiyeh Revolutionary Court, where he was sentenced to ten years imprisonment for possessing and transporting arms, and to the death penalty on charges of moharebeh, following a trial which violated procedural safeguards.

arbitrary Detentionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1103 Sep 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31699
14 May 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 10/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19546Alleged new arrests and continued detention of the members Bahá’í faith community in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, Mr. Bakhtiyar Rasekh, Mrs. Farahnaz Naimi (Rasekhi), Ms. Farin Rasekhi, Mr. Arman Mokhtari, Mr. Shayan Tafazoli, Ms. Naghmeh Zabihian, Mrs. Sousan Badavam (Farhangi), Ms. Nadia Asadian (Abdu’l-Hamidi), Ms. Shiva Kashaninejad (Samiian), Mr. Natoli Derakhshan, Mr. Faramarz Firouzian, Mr. Shahnam Golshani, Ms. Maryam Akhzari, Mr. Nima Dehghan,Ms. Mojgan Emadi, Ms. Yekta Fahandezh, Ms. Mojdeh Fallah, Mr. Sam Jaberi, Mr. Sina Sarikhani, Mr. Payam Taslimi, Ms. Semitra Momtazian, Mr. Farid Emadi, Mr. Iman Rahmat Panah (Khah), Mr. Farshid Yazdani, Mr. Houman Zarei, Mr. Badiollah Nakhie, Mr. Taghi Haeri, Mr. Vahid Hasankhani, Ms. Baji Gez, Mr. Hasan Khani, Mr. Zabihollah Raoufi, Ms. Sayyareh Raoufi, Mr. Aminollah Raoufi, Mr. Nader Mavvadati, Mr. Nourollah Mavaddati, Mr. Vahid Kholousi, Mr. Haydar Kholousi, Mr. Zekrollah Yegan, Ms. Samin Ehsani, Mr. Vahed Kholousi and Ms. Mahsa Mehregani were arrested and detained in different parts of the Islamic Republic of Iran on various charges, mostly related to their faith.arbitrary Detentionreligion or belieftortureminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific39319 Jun 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3043712 Jul 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=3043812 Jul 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=30439
04 May 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 9/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=13339Alleged death sentence and imminent execution on charges of moharebeh (enmity against God). According to the information received, Mr. Hamid Ghassemi-Shall, dual national of Iran and Canada, was arrested on 24 May 2008 while visiting his mother in Iran. He was subsequently placed in solitary confinement in Evin prison for 18 months without any legal representation. While in pretrial detention, he was allegedly forced to confess to the charges brought against him. In November 2009, Mr. Ghassemi-Shall was sentenced to death following an allegedly unfair trial by a Revolutionary Court. Pursuant to article 186 of the Penal Code of Iran, he was convicted of enmity against God (moharebeh) relating to alleged espionage and cooperation with the banned People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI). The evidence used as a basis for his conviction consisted of a confession made under duress. On 7 November 2009, the Supreme Court upheld his death sentence.

independence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
18 Apr 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 8/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16244Alleged imminent execution for not most serious crime and following a trial in violation of procedural safeguards. According to the information received, in November 2011, Mr. Aref Hamidian was sentenced to death on drug related charges, following a trial in which he did not have access to a defense lawyer and interpreters. The sentence was subsequently upheld by both the Supreme Court and the Appeal Court. The sentence was sent for implementation and at the time of the transmittal of this communication, Mr. Aref was at imminent risk of execution.

independence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1105 Oct 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=30547
11 Apr 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 7/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=16191Alleged risk of execution for crimes not deemed to be “most serious” following trials in violation of procedural safeguards. According to the new information received, the death sentence of Mr. Abdolreza Ghanbari was upheld on appeal and his request for a pardon from the Amnesty and Clemency Commission was rejected at the end of February 2012. Mr. Ghanbari had been tried before Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court on 30 January 2010, and sentenced to death for moharebeh (enmity against God) for alleged links with the banned opposition group, the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI). It is further reported that Mr. Mohsen Daneshpour Moghaddam and his son Ahmad Daneshpour Moghaddam had their death sentences confirmed on appeal. They were also convicted on the same charges in January 2010. They reportedly remained on death row. All of the accused had been arrested following the December 2009 Ashura religious commemorations. There were serious due process concerns regarding the conduct of their trials. The accused were the subject of a previous communication (see A/HRC/18/51, case no IRN 1/2011).



independence of judges and lawyersexecutionsIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific30
27 Mar 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 5/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15887Alleged conviction and sentencing of two lawyers in relation to the discharge of their professional functions. According to the information received, Mr. Abdolfattah Soltani was arrested and charged with spreading propaganda against the system, setting up an illegal opposition group, gathering and colluding with intent to harm national security, and with accepting illegal earnings related to his acceptance of the Nuremberg International Human Rights Award in 2009. Mr. Soltani was allegedly allowed to see his file three months following his arrest. Several procedural irregularities have been reported in his case, including illegal extension of imprisonment after the period of pre-trial detention had expired, and lack of access to the records and legal material. Ms. Nages Mohammadi was allegedly sentenced to six years in prison by an appellate court. Ms. Mohammadi was charged with propaganda against the State, assembly and collusion against the State, and membership in the Centre for Human Rights Defenders.

independence of judges and lawyersIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific2126 Sep 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31486
26 Mar 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 6/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19977Alleged imminent execution for non- serious crime and following a trial in violation of procedural safeguards. According to the information received, on 15 March 2010, Mr. Habibollah Golparipour was sentenced to death on charges of moharebeh (enmity against God) for his alleged cooperation with the Party For Free Life of Kurdistan following a five-minute trial On 1 August 2010, Branch 31 of the Supreme Court upheld his conviction and death sentence and did so again on 9 June 2011, following judicial review. At the time the communication was sent, Mr. Golparipour was at imminent risk of execution. independence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific1111 Jun 2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadFile?gId=31217
29 Feb 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 4/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=15921Alleged imminent executions. According to the information received, Messrs. Zaniar (or Zanyar) Moradi and Loghman (or Loqman) Moradi, both belonging to the Kurdish minority, were convicted of charges of “enmity against God” (moharebeh) and “corruption on earth” for their alleged involvement in a murder and armed activities, after having been coerced into confession and subjected to torture. They were sentenced to public hanging on 22 December 2010 by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court, following trials which did not comply with international obligations, including fair trial safeguards. According to the new information received, the death sentences have been sent to the Office for the Implementation of Sentences, a body which is reportedly the final step before being called for execution. At the time the communication was sent, the mandate holders were informed that the execution of the aforementioned individuals could be carried out at any time. The two men were the subject of an earlier communication (see A/HRC/19/44, case no IRN 18/2011).independence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
28 Feb 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JALIRN 3/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=20113Alleged torture and subsequent death in detention of ethnic Arab activists. According to the information received, Mr. Nasser Derafshan Alboshokeh, aged 19, and Mr. Mohammad Al-Kaabi, aged 34, were arrested by security forces in Ahvaz and Shush on 26 and 21 January 2012 respectively, and were tortured to death in detention facilities.


executionstortureminority issuesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific20
16 Feb 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 1/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19675Alleged arrests of several journalists and bloggers. According to the information received, starting on 28 December 2011 and throughout January 2012, several journalists and bloggers have been arrested in the Islamic Republic of Iran, including Mr. Esmail Jafari, journalist, labour and human rights activist, and writer of the Rah-e Mardom (Voice of the People) blog; Mr. Ehsan Houshmand, sociologist and journalist who has written about ethnic minorities in Iran; Ms. Fatemeh Kheradmand, journalist for Gozaresh Sanat Chap who writes about social issues; Mr. Said Madani, sociologist, political activist and journalist; Mr. Mehdi Khazali, editor of the Baran blog where he has written critical articles about the Government and human rights violations; Ms. Simin Nematollahi, contributor to Majzoon-e Noor, a website affiliated with the Nematollahi Gonabadi Sufi order; Ms. Parastoo Dokouhaki, blogger for Zan-nevsht, women’s rights activist, and former journalist with the now banned magazine Zanan (Women); Mr. Peyman Pakmehr, editor of the Tabriz News website; Ms. Marzieh Rasouli, a journalist who has worked for newspapers including Shargh and Etemad; Mr. Said Razavi Faghih, student leader and journalist; Mr. Sahamoldin Bourghani, journalist for news website Irdiplomacy; Mr. Shahram Manouchehri, journalist and contributor to social networking website u24, whose fate and whereabouts are reportedly unknown; Mr. Mohammad Soleimaninia, translator, journalist, director of u24, and creator and host of the websites of many non-governmental organisations and Iranian intellectuals; Mr. Hassan Fathi; Mr. Farshad Ghorbanpour; and Mr. Arash Sadeghi.arbitrary Detentionfreedom of opinion and expressionhuman rights defendersdisappearancesIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific140
16 Feb 2012Iran (Islamic Republic of)JUAIRN 2/2012https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=19839Alleged torture, prolonged solitary confinement and imminent execution. According to information received, Mr. Saeed Malekpour, a Canadian permanent resident, was detained in October 2008, after one of his web programs was used to host pornographic images without his knowledge. He was convicted on charges of “insulting and desecrating Islam”. The Revolutionary Court sentenced him to death in October 2010. The Supreme Court returned the case for further review; the Revolutionary Court re-imposed the death sentence in November 2011. On 30 January 2012, the Supreme Court confirmed his sentence. It is alleged that he was tortured while being held in solitary confinement in Tehran’s Evin Prison for more than a year. freedom of opinion and expressionindependence of judges and lawyersexecutionstortureIslamic Republic of IranAsia-Pacific GroupAsia Pacific10
0116
1135
225
35
41
Grand Total282

UPCOMING EVENTS

(all times in EST)

03 12 22
  • International Day of Persons with Disabilities (A/RES/47/3)

    03 12 22

09 12 22
  • International Anti-Corruption Day (A/RES/58/4)

    09 12 22

  • International Day of Commemoration and Dignity of the Victims of the Crime of Genocide and of the Prevention of this Crime (A/RES/69/323)

    09 12 22

10 12 22
  • Human Rights Day (A/RES/423 (V))

    10 12 22

18 12 22
  • Arabic Language Day

    18 12 22

  • International Migrants Day (A/RES/55/93)

    18 12 22

20 12 22
  • International Human Solidarity Day (A/RES/60/209)

    20 12 22

27 12 22
  • International Day of Epidemic Preparedness (A/RES/75/27)

    27 12 22