The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a process established to review adherence of all 192 member states to their human rights obligations set out in inter alia, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and various conventions, treaties, and human rights instruments. The review is conducted every four years by the UPR Working Group, which consists of the 47-members of the Human Rights Council. Iran was reviewed on 15 February 2010.
The State under review usually submits a self-assessment, or national report, of its human rights situation. Two reports that compile human rights reports and issues are also submitted by the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR), as well as members of civil society. The State under review then take part in an interactive dialogue with the UPR Working Group during a three-hour meeting. An outcome report containing a summary of the interaction and recommendations issued by the UN Member States.